The following are excerpts from the final legislation and/or conference report which contain NRC studies. (Pound signs [##] between passages denote the deletion of unrelated text.)
HRpt 105-252 CONFERENCE REPORT To accompany H.R. 2160 MAKING APPROPRIATIONS FOR AGRICULTURE, RURAL DEVELOPMENT, FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, AND RELATED AGENCIES PROGRAMS FOR THE FISCAL YEAR ENDING SEPTEMBER 30, 1998, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES
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AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH SERVICE
The conference agreement provides $744,605,000 for the Agricultural Research Service instead of $725,059,000 as proposed by the House and $738,000,000 as proposed by the Senate.
The agreement provides $420,000 for a study by the National Academy of Sciences on the scientific and organizational needs for an effective food safety system, including functions overseen by the Food Safety and Inspection Service, the Food and Drug Administration, and other Federal, state and local agencies with responsibilities for food safety. The study will be conducted in two phases. The first phase will examine the current mechanisms in place for assuring a safe food supply and the extent to which they are effective in addressing food safety issues from the farm to the table. It will also analyze the extent to which current functions (i.e., inspection, surveillance, monitoring, research, risk assessment, and education) should be assigned or reassigned to existing food safety agencies or an independent food safety agency. It should also identify whether any functions would be compromised by such an action. If an independent food safety agency is recommended, the second phase will develop further guidance to ensure that the food safety system protects the public's health and is cost-effective. A report on the first phase should be transmitted to the appropriate Committees of Congress no later than August 15, 1998.
The conferees support the food safety initiative and expect the Agricultural Research Service to work with the Food and Drug Administration, the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to develop a biomedical research agenda on food safety.