The following are excerpts, highlighted in red, from the final legislation and/or conference report which contain National Academies’ studies. (Pound signs [##] between passages denote the deletion of unrelated text.)
S249 Hatch (R-UT) 09/28/99
Enrolled (finally passed both houses)
To provide funding for the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children, to reauthorize the Runaway and Homeless Youth Act, and for other purposes.
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SEC. 4. STUDY OF SCHOOL VIOLENCE.
(a) CONTRACT FOR STUDY.--Not later than 60 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Education shall enter into a contract with the National Academy of Sciences for the purposes of conducting a study regarding the antecedents of school violence in urban, suburban, and rural schools, including the incidents of school
violence that occurred in Pearl, Mississippi; Paducah, Kentucky; Jonesboro, Arkansas; Springfield, Oregon; Edinboro, Pennsylvania; Fayetteville, Tennessee; Littleton, Colorado; and Conyers, Georgia. Under the terms of such contract, the National Academy of Sciences shall appoint a panel that will--
(1) review the relevant research about adolescent violence in general and school violence in particular, including the existing longitudinal and cross-sectional studies on youth that are relevant to examining violent behavior;
(2) relate what can be learned from past and current research and surveys to specific incidents of school shootings;
(3) interview relevant individuals, if possible, such as the perpetrators of such incidents, their families, their friends, their teachers, mental health providers, and others; and
(4) give particular attention to such issues as--
(A) the perpetrators' early development, families, communities, school experiences, and utilization of mental health services;
(B) the relationship between perpetrators and their victims;
(C) how the perpetrators gained access to firearms;
(D) the impact of cultural influences and exposure to the media, video games, and the Internet; and
(E) such other issues as the panel deems important or relevant to the purpose of the study.
The National Academy of Sciences shall utilize professionals with expertise in such issues, including psychiatrists, social workers, behavioral and social scientists, practitioners, epidemiologists, statisticians, and methodologists.
(b) REPORT.--The National Academy of Sciences shall submit a report containing the results of the study required by subsection (a), to the Speaker of the House of Representatives, the President pro tempore of the Senate, the Chair and ranking minority Member of the Committee on Education and the Workforce of the House of Representatives, and the Chair and ranking minority Member of the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions of the Senate, not later than January 1, 2001, or 18 months after entering into the contract required by such subsection, whichever is earlier.
(c) APPROPRIATION.--Of the funds made available under Public Law 105-277 for the Department of Education, $2,100,000 shall be made available to carry out this section.