The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine
Office of Congressional and government Affairs
At A Glance
 
 
Public Law
: Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015
: 113-235
Session: 113th Congress (Second Session)

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The following are excerpts, highlighted in red, from the final legislation and/or conference report which contain references to and studies for The National Academies. (Pound signs [##] between passages denote the deletion of unrelated text.)

HR83 Christensen (D-V.I.) 12/13/14
Enrolled (finally passed both houses)

Making consolidated appropriations for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2015, and for other purposes.
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DIVISION B—COMMERCE, JUSTICE, SCIENCE, AND RELATED AGENCIES APPROPRIATIONS ACT, 2015

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TITLE VII—REVITALIZE AMERICAN MANUFACTURING AND INNOVATION ACT OF 2014

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SEC. 705. REGIONAL INNOVATION PROGRAM.

Section 27 of the Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation Act of 1980 (15 U.S.C. 3722) is amended to read as follows:

“SEC. 27. REGIONAL INNOVATION PROGRAM.

“(a) Establishment.—The Secretary shall establish a regional innovation program to encourage and support the development of regional innovation strategies, including regional innovation clusters.

“(b) Cluster Grants.—

“(1) IN GENERAL.—As part of the program established under subsection (a), the Secretary may award grants on a competitive basis to eligible recipients for activities relating to the formation and development of regional innovation clusters.

“(2) PERMISSIBLE ACTIVITIES.—Grants awarded under this subsection may be used for activities determined appropriate by the Secretary, including the following:

“(A) Feasibility studies.

“(B) Planning activities.

“(C) Technical assistance.

“(D) Developing or strengthening communication and collaboration between and among participants of a regional innovation cluster.

“(E) Attracting additional participants to a regional innovation cluster.

“(F) Facilitating market development of products and services developed by a regional innovation cluster, including through demonstration, deployment, technology transfer, and commercialization activities.

“(G) Developing relationships between a regional innovation cluster and entities or clusters in other regions.

“(H) Interacting with the public and State and local governments to meet the goals of the cluster.

“(3) ELIGIBLE RECIPIENT DEFINED.—In this subsection, the term ‘eligible recipient’ means—

“(A) a State;

“(B) an Indian tribe;

“(C) a city or other political subdivision of a State;

“(D) an entity that—

“(i) is a nonprofit organization, an institution of higher education, a public-private partnership, a science or research park, a Federal laboratory, or an economic development organization or similar entity; and

“(ii) has an application that is supported by a State or a political subdivision of a State; or

“(E) a consortium of any of the entities described in subparagraphs (A) through (D).

“(4) APPLICATION.—

“(A) IN GENERAL.—An eligible recipient shall submit an application to the Secretary at such time, in such manner, and containing such information and assurances as the Secretary may require.

“(B) COMPONENTS.—The application shall include, at a minimum, a description of the regional innovation cluster supported by the proposed activity, including a description of—

“(i) whether the regional innovation cluster is supported by the private sector, State and local governments, and other relevant stakeholders;

“(ii) how the existing participants in the regional innovation cluster will encourage and solicit participation by all types of entities that might benefit from participation, including newly formed entities and those rival existing participants;

“(iii) the extent to which the regional innovation cluster is likely to stimulate innovation and have a positive impact on regional economic growth and development;

“(iv) whether the participants in the regional innovation cluster have access to, or contribute to, a well-trained workforce;

“(v) whether the participants in the regional innovation cluster are capable of attracting additional funds from non-Federal sources; and

“(vi) the likelihood that the participants in the regional innovation cluster will be able to sustain activities once grant funds under this subsection have been expended.

“(C) SPECIAL CONSIDERATION.—The Secretary shall give special consideration to applications from regions that contain communities negatively impacted by trade.

“(5) SPECIAL CONSIDERATION.—The Secretary shall give special consideration to an eligible recipient who agrees to collaborate with local workforce investment area boards.

“(6) COST SHARE.—The Secretary may not provide more than 50 percent of the total cost of any activity funded under this subsection.

“(7) OUTREACH TO RURAL COMMUNITIES.—The Secretary shall conduct outreach to public and private sector entities in rural communities to encourage those entities to participate in regional innovation cluster activities under this subsection.

“(8) FUNDING.—The Secretary may accept funds from other Federal agencies to support grants and activities under this subsection.

“(c) Regional Innovation Research and Information Program.—

“(1) IN GENERAL.—As part of the program established under subsection (a), the Secretary shall establish a regional innovation research and information program—

“(A) to gather, analyze, and disseminate information on best practices for regional innovation strategies (including regional innovation clusters), including information relating to how innovation, productivity, and economic development can be maximized through such strategies;

“(B) to provide technical assistance, including through the development of technical assistance guides, for the development and implementation of regional innovation strategies (including regional innovation clusters);

“(C) to support the development of relevant metrics and measurement standards to evaluate regional innovation strategies (including regional innovation clusters), including the extent to which such strategies stimulate innovation, productivity, and economic development; and

“(D) to collect and make available data on regional innovation cluster activity in the United States, including data on—

“(i) the size, specialization, and competitiveness of regional innovation clusters;

“(ii) the regional domestic product contribution, total jobs and earnings by key occupations, establishment size, nature of specialization, patents, Federal research and development spending, and other relevant information for regional innovation clusters; and

“(iii) supply chain product and service flows within and between regional innovation clusters.

“(2) RESEARCH GRANTS.—The Secretary may award research grants on a competitive basis to support and further the goals of the program established under this subsection.

“(3) DISSEMINATION OF INFORMATION.—Data and analysis compiled by the Secretary under the program established in this subsection shall be made available to other Federal agencies, State and local governments, and nonprofit and for-profit entities.

“(4) REGIONAL INNOVATION GRANT PROGRAM.—The Secretary shall incorporate data and analysis relating to any grant under subsection (b) into the program established under this subsection.

“(d) Interagency Coordination.—

“(1) IN GENERAL.—To the maximum extent practicable, the Secretary shall ensure that the activities carried out under this section are coordinated with, and do not duplicate the efforts of, other programs at the Department of Commerce or other Federal agencies.

“(2) COLLABORATION.—

“(A) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall explore and pursue collaboration with other Federal agencies, including through multiagency funding opportunities, on regional innovation strategies.

“(B) SMALL BUSINESSES.—The Secretary shall ensure that such collaboration with Federal agencies prioritizes the needs and challenges of small businesses.

“(e) Evaluation.—

“(1) IN GENERAL.—Not later than 3 years after the date of enactment of the Revitalize American Manufacturing and Innovation Act of 2014, the Secretary shall enter into a contract with an independent entity, such as the National Academy of Sciences, to conduct an evaluation of the program established under subsection (a).

“(2) REQUIREMENTS.—The evaluation shall include—

“(A) whether the program is achieving its goals;

“(B) any recommendations for how the program may be improved; and

“(C) a recommendation as to whether the program should be continued or terminated.

“(f) Definitions.—In this section:

“(1) REGIONAL INNOVATION CLUSTER.—The term ‘regional innovation cluster’ means a geographically bounded network of similar, synergistic, or complementary entities that—

“(A) are engaged in or with a particular industry sector and its related sectors;

“(B) have active channels for business transactions and communication;

“(C) share specialized infrastructure, labor markets, and services; and

“(D) leverage the region’s unique competitive strengths to stimulate innovation and create jobs.

“(2) STATE.—The term ‘State’ means one of the several States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, or any other territory or possession of the United States.

“(g) Funding.—

“(1) GENERAL RULE.—Except as provided in paragraph (2), no funds are authorized to be appropriated by the Revitalize American Manufacturing and Innovation Act of 2014 for carrying out this section.

“(2) AUTHORITY.—To the extent provided for in advance by appropriations Acts, the Secretary may use not to exceed $10,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 2015 through 2019 to carry out this section from amounts appropriated for economic development assistance programs.”.

This division may be cited as the “Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2015”.

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DIVISION C—DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE APPROPRIATIONS ACT, 2015

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(INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

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Sec. 8107. None of the funds made available by this Act may be used by the Secretary of Defense to take beneficial occupancy of more than 3,000 parking spaces (other than handicap-reserved spaces) to be provided by the BRAC 133 project: Provided, That this limitation may be waived in part if: (1) the Secretary of Defense certifies to Congress that levels of service at existing intersections in the vicinity of the project have not experienced failing levels of service as defined by the Transportation Research Board Highway Capacity Manual over a consecutive 90-day period; (2) the Department of Defense and the Virginia Department of Transportation agree on the number of additional parking spaces that may be made available to employees of the facility subject to continued 90-day traffic monitoring; and (3) the Secretary of Defense notifies the congressional defense committees in writing at least 14 days prior to exercising this waiver of the number of additional parking spaces to be made available.


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DIVISION G—DEPARTMENTS OF LABOR, HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, AND EDUCATION, AND RELATED AGENCIES APPROPRIATIONS ACT, 2015

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NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH

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OFFICE OF THE DIRECTOR

(INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

For carrying out the responsibilities of the Office of the Director, NIH, $1,401,134,000, of which up to $25,000,000 may be used to carry out section 213 of this Act: Provided, That funding shall be available for the purchase of not to exceed 29 passenger motor vehicles for replacement only: Provided further, That all funds credited to the NIH Management Fund shall remain available for one fiscal year after the fiscal year in which they are deposited: Provided further, That $165,000,000 shall be for the National Children’s Study (“NCS”) or research related to the Study’s goals and mission, and any funds in excess of the estimated need shall be transferred to and merged with the accounts for the various Institutes and Centers to support activity related to the goals and objectives of the NCS: Provided further, That NIH shall submit a spend plan on the NCS’s next phase to the Committees on Appropriations of the House of Representatives and the Senate not later than 90 days after the date of enactment of this Act: Provided further, That $533,039,000 shall be available for the Common Fund established under section 402A(c)(1) of the PHS Act: Provided further, That of the funds provided, $10,000 shall be for official reception and representation expenses when specifically approved by the Director of the NIH: Provided further, That the Office of AIDS Research within the Office of the Director of the NIH may spend up to $8,000,000 to make grants for construction or renovation of facilities as provided for in section 2354(a)(5)(B) of the PHS Act: Provided further, That NIH shall contract with the National Academy of Sciences for a Blue Ribbon Commission on Scientific Literacy and Standing: Provided further, That NIH shall submit to Congress an NIH-wide 5-year scientific strategic plan as outlined in sections 402(b)(3) and 402(b)(4) of the PHS Act no later than 1 year after enactment of this Act.

In addition to other funds appropriated for the Common Fund established under section 402A(c) of the PHS Act, $12,600,000 is appropriated to the Common Fund from the 10-year Pediatric Research Initiative Fund described in section 9008 of title 26, United States Code, for the purpose of carrying out section 402(b)(7)(B)(ii) of the PHS Act (relating to pediatric research), as authorized in the Gabriella Miller Kids First Research Act.

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EXPLANATORY STATEMENT SUBMITTED BY MR. ROGERS OF KENTUCKY, CHAIRMAN OF THE HOUSE COMMITTEE ON APPROPRIATIONS, REGARDING THE HOUSE AMENDMENT TO THE SENATE AMENDMENT ON H.R. 83
(12/09/14)
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DIVISION A- AGRICULTURE, RURAL DEVELOPMENT, FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, AND RELATED AGENCIES APPROPRIATIONS ACT, 2015

CONGRESSIONAL DIRECTIVES

The explanatory statement is silent on provisions that were in both the House Report (H.Rpt. 113-468) and Senate Report (S.Rpt. 113-164) that remain unchanged by this agreement, except as noted in this explanatory statement.

The agreement restates that executive branch wishes cannot substitute for Congress's own statements as to the best evidence of congressional intentions, which are the official reports of the Congress. The agreement further points out that funds in this Act must be used for the purposes for which appropriated, as required by section 1301 of title 31 of the United States Code, which provides: "Appropriations shall be applied only to the objects for which the appropriations were made except as otherwise provided by law."

The House and Senate report language that is not changed by the explanatory statement is approved and indicates congressional intentions. The explanatory statement, while repeating some report language for emphasis, does not intend to negate the language referred to above unless expressly provided herein.

In cases in which the House or the Senate have directed the submission of a report, such report is to be submitted to both the House and Senate Committees on Appropriations no later than 60 days after enactment of this Act, unless otherwise directed.
 

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TITLE VI--RELATED AGENCY AND FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION

Department of Health and Human Services

FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION

SALARIES AND EXPENSES

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Congress is closely following the advancement of the field of mitochondrial manipulation technologies and is aware of a study commissioned from the Institute of Medicine on ``Ethical and Social Policy Considerations of Novel Techniques for Prevention of Maternal Transmission of Mitochondrial DNA Diseases.'' FDA is directed to notify the Committees when the final report becomes available. As science progresses in this field, the agency is also directed to notify the Committees within three business days of issuing reports or press releases related to decisions on this matter, including the approval of clinical trials and future reviews.
 

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SRpt 113-164 - To accompany S. 2389 – [M]aking appropriations for Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies programs for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2015, and for other purposes, reports favorably thereon and recommends that the bill do pass.
Senate Appropriations
(5/22/14)
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TITLE IV

DOMESTIC FOOD PROGRAMS

OFFICE OF THE UNDER SECRETARY FOR FOOD, NUTRITION AND CONSUMER SERVICES

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WIC Food Package.—The Committee understands the Department is working with the Institute of Medicine to make recommendations for the fish species to include in the WIC food packages that scientific evidence shows to be low in mercury and in other respects nutritious, including wild salmon, for pregnant, postpartum and breastfeeding women. The Committee requests a report, within 120 days of enactment of this act, on this effort.


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DIVISION B-COMMERCE, JUSTICE, SCIENCE, AND RELATED
AGENCIES APPROPRIATIONS ACT, 2015


Report language included in House Report 113-448 ("the House report") or Senate Report 113-181 ("the Senate report") that is not changed by this explanatory statement or this Act is approved. The explanatory statement, while repeating some language for emphasis, is not intended to negate the language referred to above unless expressly provided herein. In cases where both the House report and the Senate report address a particular issue not specifically addressed in the explanatory statement, the House report and the Senate report should be read as consistent and are to be interpreted accordingly. In cases where the House report or the Senate report directs the submission of a report, such report is to be submitted to both the House and Senate Committees on Appropriations ("the Committees").


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HRpt 113-448 - To accompany H.R. 4660 – [M]aking appropriations for Commerce, Justice, Science, and related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2015, and for other purposes.
House Appropriations
(5/15/14)
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NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION

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Biological opinions related to pesticide registration.—The Committee recognizes that the National Research Council (NRC) raised serious concerns in its April 2013 report, Assessing Risks to Endangered and Threatened Species From Pesticides, about NMFS’ methods in conducting scientific assessments of ecological risks from pesticides as required by the Endangered Species Act. The Committee encourages NMFS to revise its six biological opinions on pesticide registrations released since 2008 to comply with the Interim Approaches for National-Level Pesticide Endangered Species Act Assessment’s methodology developed by NMFS and other Federal agencies in response to the NRC report. NMFS shall provide a report to the Committee on Appropriations no later than 60 days after enactment of this Act regarding its plans to comply with the recommendations in the NRC report and to implement the Interim Approaches.

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DEPARTMENTAL MANAGEMENT

SALARIES AND EXPENSES

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Assessing China’s five-year plan.—The Committee reminds Commerce about engaging the National Academy of Sciences in a study as directed in the statement accompanying Public Law 113-76 to assess China’s strategies, policies and programs to become an innovative society and enhance its indigenous innovation.


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NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION

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SCIENCE

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SMD budget justifications.—Last year the National Research Council (NRC) assessed the responsiveness of NASA’s most recent draft science plan to decadal survey guidance. The Committee found that many of the NRC’s criticisms of the draft science plan could also be applied to the budget justifications submitted by SMD. Specifically, the justifications fail to provide: 1) a clear explanation of how each division’s budget request does or does not support the program plan laid out in that division’s decadal survey (which recommended activities are included; the balance among missions of different sizes and targets; and the rate at which new activities are initiated); 2) the decision-making criteria that led NASA to deviate from decadal survey recommendations, where applicable; and 3) an assessment of impacts for any deviations from decadal survey recommendations on the achievement of the science goals of that survey. NASA shall work with the Committee on a standard format for including information of this kind in future budget justifications.


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NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION

The Committee recommends $7,404,205,000 for the National Science Foundation (NSF), which is $232,287,000 above fiscal year 2014 and $149,205,000 above the request.

RESEARCH AND RELATED ACTIVITIES

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Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research (EPSCoR).—The Committee’s recommendation includes the requested level for EPSCoR. NSF shall report to the Committee on the steps it has taken to address all recommendations resulting from EPSCoR program evaluations conducted by the National Academy of Sciences and the Science and Technology Policy Institute. This report shall be provided no later than 120 days after the enactment of this Act.

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SRpt 113-181 - To accompany S. 2437 – [M]aking appropriations for the Departments of Commerce and Justice, Science, and Related Agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2015, and for other purposes, reports favorably thereon and recommends that the bill do pass.
Senate Appropriations
(6/5/14)
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NOAA NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE

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National Tsunami Hazard Mitigation Program [NTHMP].—The Committee rejects NOAA’s proposal to terminate funding for tsunami preparedness within the NTHMP, and instead instructs the Agency to maintain funding at the fiscal year 2014 level and to strengthen the NTHMP in accordance with the 2011 evaluation by the National Academy of Sciences.


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NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION

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The budget request for NASA is below the fiscal year 2014 level with unbalanced priorities resulting in a reduction of $179,200,000 to the Science directorate and a combined reduction of $363,900,000 to the Space Launch System and Orion Multi Purpose Crew Vehicle. The Committee is concerned that the budget request does not invest adequately in current or future missions, as evident by proposed cuts and cancellations for top priority missions. The Committee’s recommendation seeks to reinstate a balanced space program that adequately funds science, space exploration, and aeronautics, all made possible by reliable and safe space transportation. For Science, the Committee’s recommendation strives to keep NASA’s near-term launches on track to continue progress in exploring our solar system and the universe, understanding the sun, and observing and protecting our planet. The Committee expects NASA to continue making progress on the recommendations of National Academies’ decadal surveys, now and in the future.


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SCIENCE

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Pre-Aerosol, Clouds, Ecosystem.—The Committee maintains support for the Pre-Aerosol, Clouds, Ecosystem [PACE] mission, and provides an additional $25,000,000 to begin technology risk reduction and formulation studies. By starting this mission in fiscal year 2015, the gap in the essential Ocean Color time-series will be reduced by 2 to 3 years. Restoring this data stream will better equip the ocean ecology, ocean biology, aerosol and cloud science communities to address challenges highlighted in the National Academies’ Earth Science Decadal Survey.


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DIVISION C- DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE APPROPRIATIONS ACT, 2015


The agreement on the Department of Defense Appropriations Act, 2015 incorporates some of the provisions of both the House-passed and the Senate-reported versions of the bill. The language and allocations set forth in House Report 113-473 and Senate Report 113-211 shall be complied with unless specifically addressed to the contrary in the accompanying bill and explanatory statement.


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SRpt 113-211 - To accompany H.R. 4870 – [M]aking appropriations for the Department of Defense for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2015, and for other purposes, reports the same with an amendment in the nature of a substitute and recommends that the bill as amended do pass.
Senate Appropriations
(7/17/14)
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COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS

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TOBACCO USE IN THE MILITARY

Tobacco use is the leading cause of preventable death in the United States, with more than 480,000 deaths attributable to cigarette smoking each year. While great strides have been made over the past 50 years to reduce tobacco use in the U.S. military, use among Armed Forces servicemembers remains higher than in the population as a whole. According to a 2011 Department of Defense health behavior survey, 24 percent of servicemembers smoke, compared to 20 percent of civilians. The gap in smokeless tobacco use is even higher: according to the same Department survey, 12.8 percent of servicemembers used smokeless tobacco products, including electronic cigarettes, compared to 2.3 percent of the civilian population. Survey data show this usage is much higher among junior enlisted servicemembers than officers. A 2008 DOD study found that one in three military smokers began doing so after enlisting. The Institute of Medicine in 2009 noted that tobacco use costs the Department more than $1,600,000,000 annually in tobacco-related medical care, increased hospitalizations, and lost days of work. In addition to these costs, smoking undermines military readiness by compromising physical fitness in the short-term, and causing or contributing to serious health problems, such as lung cancer and delayed wound healing, in the long-term.

The Department of Defense has affirmed the goal of a tobacco-free military, and has implemented a range of programs including public-education campaigns, the banning of all tobacco use during basic training, and the prohibition of tobacco use by instructors in the presence of students. However, inexpensive, readily available tobacco products remain a major driver of tobacco use, just as in the general population. In recognition of this, the Navy has led efforts to curb tobacco use and promote evidenced-based tobacco prevention strategies, such as eliminating the sale of tobacco in Navy commissaries and ending discounts on tobacco prices in Navy and Marine Corps exchanges in 2012. In 2012, the Air Force also set a goal of becoming tobacco-free. Earlier this year, the Secretary of Defense began a comprehensive review of the Department’s tobacco policies.

The Committee applauds these efforts and encourages the Department to continue to advance rapidly toward a tobacco-free military. In support of these goals, the Committee includes a provision directing the elimination of the price subsidy provided to tobacco products at military exchanges. This reform directs the Department to implement a consistent, verifiable price benchmark for tobacco products at exchanges, as recent surveys by the National Institutes of Health indicate that Army and Air Force exchange prices for cigarettes in practice to be between 14-25 percent lower than market price, despite Department of Defense Instruction 1330.9, which allows only a 5 percent discount.


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TITLE VI

OTHER DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE PROGRAMS

DEFENSE HEALTH PROGRAM

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Collaboration on Medical Research.—The Committee notes that the Department of Defense [DOD] coordinates with several other Federal agencies, especially the National Institutes of Health [NIH], through its peer-review process for medical research. NIH currently uses the Research Portfolio Online Reporting Tools [RePORTER] to consolidate reports, data, and analyses of NIH research activities, including information on expenditures and the results of supported research. The Committee understands that DOD signed a memorandum of agreement in February 2014, to initiate a pilot program to begin sharing DOD research data into RePORTER. The Committee is supportive of this collaboration and directs the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Health Affairs to provide the Committee a report on the status of this pilot program not later than 90 days after enactment of this act. The report should include a full description of the pilot program, a timeline of its implementation, and any impediments for the Department in uploading all of its research information into the database.

Additionally, DOD and NIH worked together to create the Federal Interagency Traumatic Brain Injury Research [FITBIR] system, a centralized database for traumatic brain injury [TBI] research. FITBIR serves as a central repository for new data, links to current databases, and allows valid comparison of results across studies. The Committee supports this type of collaboration and believes it is a crucial step in addressing the critical gaps in knowledge regarding the diagnosis and treatment of TBI. The Committee encourages continued collaboration between DOD and NIH in order to avoid duplication of effort and maximize Government investments in medical research.

In order to build on this collaboration, the Committee directs the Department to contract with the Institute of Medicine [IOM] to evaluate the Congressionally Directed Medical Research Program [CDMRP] and provide a report to the congressional defense committees not later than 12 months after enactment of this act. The report should include an evaluation of the CDMRP two-tiered peer review process, its coordination of research priorities with NIH, and recommendations for how the process can be improved. The Committee notes that the peer review system used in the CDMRP is the recommendation of a 1993 IOM report and was modeled after the NIH system. The inclusion of patient advocates in the CDMRP peer review has been a highly regarded addition to the process, and the Committee believes that these voices provide a valuable contribution.

 
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DIVISION D--ENERGY AND WATER DEVELOPMENT AND RELATED AGENCIES APPROPRIATIONS ACT, 2015

EXPLANATORY STATEMENT


The following statement to the House of Representatives and the Senate is submitted in explanation of the agreed upon Act making appropriations for energy and water development for the fiscal year ending September 30,2015, and for other purposes.

The language and allocations set forth in House Report 113-486 carry the same emphasis as the language included in this explanatory statement and should be complied with unless specifically addressed to the contrary herein. Report language included by the House which is not contradicted by the explanatory statement is approved. The explanatory statement, while repeating some report language for emphasis, does not intend to negate the language referred to above unless expressly provided herein. In cases in which the House directed the submission of a report, such report is to be submitted to both the Committees on Appropriations of the House of Representatives and the Senate.

Funds for the individual programs and activities within the accounts in this Act are displayed in the detailed table at the end of the explanatory statement for this Act. Funding levels that are not displayed in the detailed table are identified in this explanatory statement.

In fiscal year 2015, for purposes of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985 (Public Law 99-177), the following information provides the definition of the term "program, project, or activity" for departments and agencies under the jurisdiction of the Energy and Water Development Appropriations Act. The term "program, project, or activity" shall include the most specific level of budget items identified in the Energy and Water Development Appropriations Act, 2015 and the explanatory statement accompanying the Act.


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HRpt 113-486 - To accompany H.R. 4923 – [M]aking appropriations for energy and water development for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2015, and for other purposes.
House Appropriations
(6/20/14)
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ELECTRICITY DELIVERY AND ENERGY RELIABILITY

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Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Research and Development.—The Committee recommends $109,500,000 for Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Research and Development, $3,800,000 above fiscal year 2014 and $11,900,000 below the budget request. Within available funds, the recommendation provides $32,700,000 for Clean Energy Transmission and Reliability, of which $5,000,000 is for the Energy Systems Predictive Capability activity; $14,600,000 for Smart Grid; $15,200,000 for Energy Storage; and $47,000,000 for cyber security for energy delivery systems, of which $5,000,000 is to continue development of the industry-scale electric grid test bed.

Within available funds for Energy Storage, the Committee encourages the Department to continue examining evolving battery technologies when funding research and development and pilot programs on the basis of long lifecycle and low capital and maintenance costs, with the battery system able to provide grid storage of energy that can be drawn on by demand.

The Committee recognizes the value an independent assessment may have to verify, criticize, and reinforce key issues within the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability’s mission to support the nation’s electricity delivery system. Within available funds for Clean Energy Transmission and Reliability, up to $1,000,000 shall be for the Department to contract with an appropriate organization, such as the National Research Council, to conduct a national level comprehensive study on the future resilience and reliability of the nation’s electric power transmission and distribution system. At a minimum, the report should include technological options for strengthening the capabilities of the nation’s power grid; a review of federal, State, industry, and academic research and development programs; and an evaluation of cyber security for energy delivery systems. Not later than September 30, 2015, the Department shall submit the findings to the Committees on Appropriations of the House of Representatives and the Senate.

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DIVISION F--DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR, ENVIRONMENT, AND RELATED AGENCIES APPROPRIATIONS ACT, 2015

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TITLE I--DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT

MANAGEMENT OF LANDS AND RESOURCES

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Wild Horse and Burro Management.--The Committees encourage the Bureau to consider sterilization as a tool for population management and to request funding for a pilot program in fiscal year 2016, in accordance with recommendations from the National Research Council and others.


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DIVISION G--DEPARTMENTS OF LABOR, HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, AND EDUCATION, AND RELATED AGENCIES APPROPRIATIONS ACT, 2015

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TITLE II

DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES

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The Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2015, put in place by this division incorporates the following agreements. Funds for the individual programs and activities within the accounts in this division are displayed in the detailed table at the end of the explanatory statement for this division. Funding levels that are not displayed in the detailed table are identified within this explanatory statement.


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CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL AND PREVENTION

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CHRONIC DISEASE PREVENTION AND HEALTH PROMOTION

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Epilepsy.--The agreement applauds the CDC epilepsy program for the progress it has made in advancing a public health agenda to improve the lives of people living with epilepsy. CDC is encouraged to support internal and external collaborations that advance the recommendations of the 2012 Institute of Medicine Report ``Epilepsy Across the Spectrum: Promoting Health and Understanding''.


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NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH

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Blue Ribbon Commission on Scientific Standing.--The agreement directs the NIH Office of the Director to fund, in consultation with the National Science Foundation and Department of Education, a contract with the National Academy of Sciences to establish a Blue Ribbon Commission charged with discerning American public opinion on, understanding of, and acceptance of scientific research. The Commission shall examine the present state of scientific repute in America and present recommendations for how to improve scientific literacy, education, and enhance scientific regard amongst the American public.


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National Children's Study (NCS).--The recommendations of the Institute of Medicine's (IOM) June 2014 NCS assessment provided valuable insight. The NCS's goals and mission has the potential to add immeasurably to the scientific knowledge on children's health and the Committees on Appropriations have supported this project for numerous years. The IOM provided a framework of recommendations and concerns about the recent changes to the NCS. The NIH Director is expected to use this framework to ensure the mission and goals of the NCS are realized to generate the anticipated returns from the years of tax-payer support.

NIH has an on-going workgroup reviewing the NCS that will provide input to the NIH Director who will consider the NCS's next phase over the coming weeks. In particular, the NIH decision process should ensure full consideration of IOM comments prior to any changes. The NIH Director is to provide the House and Senate Appropriations Committees, within 90 days of enactment, a detailed report and plan about the actions taken, decision making process, options under consideration, and other similar structural issues identified by the IOM.


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DIVISION K- TRANSPORTATION, HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT, AND RELATED AGENCIES APPROPRIATIONS ACT, 2015

CONGRESSIONAL DIRECTIVES


The language and allocations set forth in the House report (House Report 113-464) and the Senate report (Senate Report 113-182) should be complied with unless specifically addressed to the contrary in this division or explanatory statement. Report language included by the House, which is not changed by the report of the Senate or this explanatory statement, and the Senate report language, which is not changed by this explanatory statement, is a result of the 2015 appropriations agreement. The explanatory statement, while repeating some report language for emphasis, does not intend to negate the language referred to above unless expressly provided herein. In cases where the House or the Senate has directed the submission of a report, such report is to be submitted to both the House and Senate Committees on Appropriations. The Department of Transportation and the Department of Housing and Urban Development are directed to notify the House and Senate Committees on Appropriations seven days prior to the announcement of a new program or authority. Any reprogramming requests must be submitted to the Committees on Appropriations no later than June 30, 2015.


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HRpt 113-464 - To accompany H.R. 4745 – [M]aking appropriations for energy and water development for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2015, and for other purposes.
House Appropriations
(5/27/14)
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FEDERAL TRANSIT ADMINISTRATION

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TRANSIT RESEARCH

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MAP-21 authorizes FTA to provide funds to the National Academy of Sciences to conduct investigative research on subjects related to public transportation.


COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATION

The Committee recommends $15,000,000 for transit research, $28,000,000 below last year. The 2015 budget proposed $60,000,000 in one research account instead of the two account structure provided last year and in this bill.

The Committee requires FTA to report by May 15, 2015, on all FTA-sponsored research projects from fiscal year 2014 and 2015 at the National Academy of Sciences.

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