The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine
Office of Congressional and government Affairs
At A Glance
 
 
Public Law
: FAA Reauthorization Act of 2018
: 115-254
Session: 115th Congress (Second Session)

 

The following are excerpts, highlighted in red, from the final legislation and/or conference report which contain references to and studies for The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine.  (Pound signs [##] between passages denote the deletion of unrelated text.)
 
HR302            Guthrie (R-Ky.)       09/26/18
Enrolled (finally passed both houses)
To provide protections for certain sports medicine professionals, to reauthorize Federal aviation programs, to improve aircraft safety certification processes, and for other purposes.
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Subtitle D—Airport Noise And Environmental Streamlining
 
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SEC. 177. LEAD EMISSIONS.
 
(a) Study.—The Secretary of Transportation shall enter into appropriate arrangements with the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine under which the National Research Council will study aviation gasoline.

(b) Contents.—The study shall include an assessment of—

(1) existing non-leaded fuel alternatives to the aviation gasoline used by piston-powered general aviation aircraft;

(2) ambient lead concentrations at and around airports where piston-powered general aviation aircraft are used; and

(3) mitigation measures to reduce ambient lead concentrations, including increasing the size of run-up areas, relocating run-up areas, imposing restrictions on aircraft using aviation gasoline, and increasing the use of motor gasoline in piston-powered general aviation aircraft.

(c) Report To Congress.—Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress the study developed by the National Research Council pursuant to this section.
 
 
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TITLE V—MISCELLANEOUS
 
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SEC. 549. STUDY ON CYBERSECURITY WORKFORCE OF FAA.
 
(a) Study.—Not later than 1 year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall enter into an agreement with the National Academy of Sciences to conduct a study on the cybersecurity workforce of the Administration in order to develop recommendations to increase the size, quality, and diversity of such workforce, including cybersecurity researchers and specialists.

(b) Report To Congress.—Not later than 180 days after the completion of the study conducted under subsection (a), the Administrator shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a report on the results of such study.
 
 
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SEC. 554. PRIORITIZING AND SUPPORTING THE HUMAN INTERVENTION MOTIVATION STUDY (HIMS) PROGRAM AND THE FLIGHT ATTENDANT DRUG AND ALCOHOL PROGRAM (FADAP).
 
(a) In General.—The Administration shall continue to prioritize and support the Human Intervention Motivation Study (HIMS) program for flight crewmembers and the Flight Attendant Drug and Alcohol Program (FADAP) for flight attendants.
 
(b) Study And Recommendations.—
 
(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary of Transportation shall enter into an agreement with the Transportation Research Board (in this subsection referred to as the “Board”) under which the Board shall—

(A) conduct a study on the Human Intervention Motivation Study (HIMS) program, the Flight Attendant Drug and Alcohol Program (FADAP), and any other drug and alcohol programs within the other modal administrations within the Department of Transportation;

(B) to the extent justified by the findings from the study described in subparagraph (A), make recommendations to the Federal Aviation Administration and other administrations within the Department of Transportation on how to implement programs, or changes to existing programs, that seek to help transportation workers get treatment for drug and alcohol abuse and return to work; and

(C) upon the completion of the study described in subparagraph (A), submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a report on such study, including the Board's findings, conclusions, and recommendations.

(2) REQUIREMENT.—In conducting the study under paragraph (1), the Board shall identify—

(A) best policies and practices within existing programs; and

(B) best prevention, early intervention, and return to work practices specifically around prescription medication abuse, with a special emphasis on employee use of opioids.
 
 
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Subtitle E—FAA Research And Development Activities
 
 
SEC. 741. RESEARCH PLAN FOR THE CERTIFICATION OF NEW TECHNOLOGIES INTO THE NATIONAL AIRSPACE SYSTEM.
 
Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the Administrator, in consultation with NASA, shall transmit a comprehensive research plan for the certification of new technologies into the national airspace system to the Committee on Science, Space, and Technology of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate. This plan shall identify research necessary to support the certification and implementation of NextGen, including both ground and air elements, and explain the plan’s relationship to other activities and procedures required for certification and implementation of new technologies into the national airspace system. This plan shall be informed by the recommendations of the National Research Council report titled “Transformation in the Air—A Review of the FAA Research Plan”, issued on June 8, 2015. This plan shall include, at a minimum—
 
(1) a description of the strategic and prescriptive value of the research plan;
 
(2) an explanation of the expected outcomes from executing the plan;
 
(3) an assessment of the FAA’s plan to use research and development to improve cybersecurity over the next 5 years;
 
(4) an assessment of the current software assurance practices, and the desired level or attributes to target in the software assurance program; and
 
(5) best practices in research and development used by other organizations, such as NASA, NavCanada, and Eurocontrol.
 
 
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DIVISION D—DISASTER RECOVERY REFORM
 
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SEC. 1243. FEMA REPORT ON DUPLICATION IN NON-NATURAL DISASTER PREPAREDNESS GRANT PROGRAMS.
 
Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall submit to the Committees on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate and the Committees on Transportation and Infrastructure and Homeland Security of the House of Representatives a report on the results of the efforts of the Agency to identify and prevent unnecessary duplication within and across the non-natural disaster preparedness grant programs of the Agency, as recommended in the report published by the Government Accountability Office entitled “2012 Annual Report: Opportunities to Reduce Duplication, Overlap and Fragmentation, Achieve Savings, and Enhance Revenue” (February 28, 2012), including with respect to—
 
(1) the Urban Area Security Initiative established under section 2003 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 604);
 
(2) the Port Security Grant Program authorized under section 70107 of title 46, United States Code;
 
(3) the State Homeland Security Grant Program established under section 2004 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 605); and
 
(4) the Transit Security Grant Program authorized under titles XIV and XV of the Implementing Recommendations of the 9/11 Commission Act of 2007 (6 U.S.C. 1131 et seq.).
 
SEC. 1244. STUDY AND REPORT.
 
(a) In General.—Not later than 90 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall enter into a contract with the National Academy of Medicine to conduct a study and prepare a report as described in subsection (b).

(b) Study And Report.—

(1) STUDY.—

(A) IN GENERAL.—The study described in this subsection shall be a study of matters concerning best practices in mortality counts as a result of a major disaster (as defined in section 102 of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5122)).

(B) CONTENTS.—The study described in this subsection shall address approaches to quantifying mortality and significant morbidity among populations affected by major disasters, which shall include best practices and policy recommendations for—

(i) equitable and timely attribution, in order to facilitate access to available benefits, among other things;

(ii) timely prospective tracking of population levels of mortality and significant morbidity, and their causes, in order to continuously inform response efforts; and

(iii) a retrospective study of disaster-related mortality and significant morbidity to inform after-action analysis and improve subsequent preparedness efforts.

(2) REPORT.—Not later than 2 years after the date on which the contract described in subsection (a) is entered into, the National Academy of Medicine shall complete and transmit to the Administrator a report on the study described in paragraph (1).

(c) No Additional Funds Authorized.—No additional funds are authorized to carry out the requirements of this section.
 
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