The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine
Office of Congressional and government Affairs
At A Glance
 
 
Public Law
: Frank LoBiondo Coast Guard Authorization Act of 2018
: 115-282
Session: 115th Congress (Second Session)

 

The following are excerpts, highlighted in red, from the final legislation and/or conference report which contain National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine studies and/or mentions. (Pound signs [##] between passages denote the deletion of unrelated text.)
 
S140             Flake (R-Ariz.)            11/14/18
Enrolled (finally passed both houses)
To authorize appropriations for the Coast Guard, and for other purposes.
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TITLE VIII--MISCELLANEOUS
 
 
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SEC. 812. COAST GUARD MARITIME DOMAIN AWARENESS. 
 
  (a) In General.—The Secretary of the department in which the Coast Guard is operating shall seek to enter into an arrangement with the National Academy of Sciences not later than 60 days after the date of the enactment of this Act under which the Academy shall prepare an assessment of available unmanned, autonomous, or remotely controlled maritime domain awareness technologies for use by the Coast Guard. 
 
(b) Assessment.—The assessment shall— 
   
  (1) describe the potential limitations of current and emerging unmanned technologies used in the maritime domain for— 
       
  (A) ocean observation; 
       
  (B) vessel monitoring and identification; 
     
  (C) weather observation; 
       
  (D) to the extent practicable for consideration by the Academy, intelligence gathering, surveillance, and reconnaissance; and 
       
  (E) communications; 
   
  (2) examine how technologies described in paragraph (1) can help prioritize Federal investment by examining; 
       
  (A) affordability, including acquisition, operations, and maintenance; 
       
  (B) reliability; 
       
  (C) versatility; 
       
  (D) efficiency; and 
       
  (E) estimated service life and persistence of effort; and 
   
  (3) analyze whether the use of new and emerging maritime domain awareness technologies can be used to— 
       
  (A) carry out Coast Guard missions at lower costs; 
       
  (B) expand the scope and range of Coast Guard maritime domain awareness; 
       
  (C) allow the Coast Guard to more efficiently and effectively allocate Coast Guard vessels, aircraft, and personnel; and 
       
  (D) identify adjustments that would be necessary in Coast Guard policies, procedures, and protocols to incorporate unmanned technologies to enhance efficiency. 

  (c) Report to Congress.—Not later than 1 year after entering into an arrangement with the Secretary under subsection (a), the National Academy of Sciences shall submit the assessment prepared under this section to the Committees on Transportation and Infrastructure and Homeland Security of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate. 

  (d) Use of Information.—In formulating costs pursuant to subsection (b), the National Academy of Sciences may utilize information from other Coast Guard reports, assessments, or analyses regarding existing Coast Guard manpower requirements or other reports, assessments, or analyses for the acquisition of unmanned, autonomous, or remotely controlled technologies by the Federal Government.
 
 
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SEC. 821. POLAR ICEBREAKERS. 
 
  (a) Enhanced Maintenance Program for the Polar Star.— 
   
  (1) IN GENERAL.—Subject to the availability of appropriations, the Commandant of the Coast Guard shall conduct an enhanced maintenance program on Coast Guard Cutter Polar Star  (WAGB-10) to extend the service life of such vessel until at least December 31, 2025. 
   
  (2) REQUIREMENT FOR REPORT.—Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of the Coast Guard Authorization Act of 2017, the Secretary of the department in which the Coast Guard is operating, in consultation with Naval Sea Systems Command, shall submit to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation and the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate and the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure and the Committee on Armed Services of the House of Representatives a detailed report describing a plan to extend the service life of the Coast Guard Cutter Polar Star  (WAGB-10) until at least December 31, 2025, through an enhanced maintenance program. 
   
  (3) CONTENT.—The report required by paragraph (2) shall include the following: 
       
  (A) An assessment and discussion of the enhanced maintenance program recommended by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine’s Committee on Polar Icebreaker Cost Assessment in the letter report “Acquisition and Operation of Polar Icebreakers: Fulfilling the Nation’s Needs”. 
       
  (B) An assessment and discussion of the Government Accountability Office’s concerns and recommendations regarding service life extension work on Coast Guard Cutter Polar Star  (WAGB-10) in the report “Status of the Coast Guard’s Polar Icebreaking Fleet Capability and Recapitalization Plan”. 
       
  (C) Based upon a materiel condition assessment of the Coast Guard Cutter Polar Star  (WAGB-10)— 
           
  (i) a description of the service life extension needs of the vessel; 
           
  (ii) detailed information regarding planned shipyard work for each fiscal year to meet such needs; and 
           
  (iii) an estimate of the amount needed to be appropriated to complete the enhanced maintenance program. 
       
  (D) A plan to ensure the vessel will maintain seasonally operational status during the enhanced maintenance program. 
   
  (4) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—The Commandant of the Coast Guard may use funds made available pursuant to section 4902 of title 14, United States Code, as amended by section 202 of this Act, for the enhanced maintenance program described in the report required by subsection (a). 
 
  (b) Coast Guard and Maritime Transportation Act of 2012; Amendment.—Section 222 of the Coast Guard and Maritime Transportation Act of 2012 (Public Law 112-213), as amended, is further amended as follows: 
   
  (1) by striking subsections (a) through (d); 
   
  (2) by redesignating subsections (e) through (g) as subsections (a) through (c), respectively; 
   
  (3) in subsection (a), as redesignated— 
       
  (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking “Except as provided in subsection (c), the Commandant” and inserting “The Commandant”; 
       
  (B) in paragraph (1) by striking “Polar Sea or”; 
       
  (C) in paragraph (2) by striking “either of the vessels” and inserting “the Polar Star or the Polar Sea”; and 
       
  (D) in paragraph (3) by striking “either of the vessels” each place it appears and inserting “the Polar Star”.
 
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