THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES
National Research Council
Division on Earth and Life Studies
Institute for Laboratory Animal Research
Committee on Scientific and Humane Issues in the Use of Random Source Dogs and Cats for Research
Scientific and Humane Issues in the Use of Random Source Dogs and Cats
Dr. Stephen W. Barthold, DVM, Ph.D., Director of the Center for Comparative Medicine, University of California at Davis, and Chair, Committee on Scientific and Humane Issues in the Use of Random Source Dogs and Cats for Research, The National Research Council, The National Academies
Random source dogs and cats—those that come from the general population rather than being bred specifically for biomedical research—are used as models for studying certain types of diseases. Dealers who buy and sell random source animals (known as Class B dealers) are licensed by the U.S. Department of Agriculture to ensure animal welfare and appropriate acquisition of the animals, but without adequate enforcement, some fear that lost or stolen pets could end up in laboratories, or that the dealers may not uphold proper standards of care. In response to a request from Congress, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) charged the National Academies to critically examine the general desirability and necessity of using random source dogs and cats in NIH-funded research, and the specific necessity of using Class B dealers as a source of such animals for NIH-funded research.
This briefing was for members of Congress and congressional staff only. The report was publicly released on Friday, May 29, 2009 at 1:00 p.m., and can be found, in its entirety, on the Web site of the National Academies Press.