THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES
National Research Council
Transportation Research Board
Board on Energy and Environmental Systems
Committee for the Study on the Relationships Among
Development Patterns, Vehicle Miles Traveled, and Energy Consumption
Driving and the Built Environment:
The Effects of Compact Development on Motorized Travel, Energy Use, and CO2 Emissions
Special Report 298
This new report, requested by Congress in P.L. 109-58, examines how land-development patterns (e.g., suburbanization versus high-density, urban environments) can impact vehicle use. The report also describes how high-density, compact development in the United States could affect petroleum dependence and CO2 emissions.
These series of briefings were for members of Congress and congressional staff only. The report was publicly released on September 1, 2009 and can be found, in its entirety, on the Web site of the National Academies Press.