THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES
National Academy of Sciences
National Academy of Engineering
National Research Council
America’s Energy Future Panel on Alternative Liquid Transportation Fuels
Liquid Transportation Fuels from Coal and Biomass:
Technological Status, Costs, and Environmental Impacts
Liquid Transportation Fuels from Coal and Biomass is the first in a series of reports to be released from the National Academies' America's Energy Future project, which was undertaken to stimulate and inform a constructive national dialogue about the nation’s energy future. This first report examines the technical requirements, costs, and potential benefits of transitioning to non-petroleum-based transportation fuels. The report evaluates various alternative liquid fuels, focusing on the two -- liquid fuels from plants and coal -- that could be deployed within 10 years.