Activity

The Use of Chimpanzees in Biomedical and Behavioral Research


Type: Consensus Study
Topics: Biomedical and Health Research
Board: Board on Health Sciences Policy

Activity News and Announcements

Activity Description

In response to a request from the National Institutes of Health (NIH), the IOM, in collaboration with the National Research Council, is undertaking a study that will review and assess the current and anticipated use of chimpanzees in biomedical and behavioral research relevant to the mission of NIH. The committee will determine if chimpanzees are or will be necessary for biomedical or behavioral research that will be needed for the advancement of the public’s health. It is anticipated that the committee will release its report by the end of 2011.

Specifically, the committee will review the current use of chimpanzees for biomedical and behavioral research and:

  • Explore contemporary and anticipated biomedical research questions to determine if chimpanzees are or will be necessary for research discoveries and to determine the safety and efficacy of new prevention or treatment strategies. If biomedical research questions are identified:
  • Describe the unique biological/immunological characteristics of the chimpanzee that make it the necessary animal model for use in the types of research.
  • Provide recommendations for any new or revised scientific parameters to guide how and when to use these animals for research.
  • Explore contemporary and anticipated behavioral research questions to determine if chimpanzees are necessary for progress in understanding social, neurological and behavioral factors that influence the development, prevention, or treatment of disease.

In addressing the task, the committee will explore contemporary and anticipated future alternatives to the use of chimpanzees in biomedical and behavioral research that will be needed for the advancement of the public’s health. The committee will base its findings and recommendations on currently available protocols, published literature, and scientific evidence, as well as its expert judgment.

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