Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Health Issues and Research Gaps and Opportunities

Type: Consensus Study
Topics: Select Populations and Health Equity, Biomedical and Health Research, Health Services, Coverage, and Access
Board: Board on the Health of Select Populations

Activity Description

An IOM committee will conduct a review and prepare a report assessing the state of the science on the health status of LGBT populations; identify research gaps and opportunities related to LGBT health; and outline a research agenda that will assist NIH in enhancing its research efforts in this area. Additionally, the committee will consider research training needs to foster the advancement of knowledge about LGBT health and identify impediments that hinder such advancement.

Areas of interest to the committee might include but are not limited to:

  • the state of knowledge regarding LGBT health, health risks and protective factors, health disparities, and access to and utilization of health care;
  • the developmental process from childhood across the life course, in the context of family and social networks; the impact of family and social acceptance of sexual orientation, gender identity and expression on health and well-being; and the experience of families with LGBT parents;
  • the effects of age cohort, race, ethnicity, socio-economic status, and geography (particularly urban vs rural environments) on the health of LGBT persons;
  • the effects of social determinants and cultural factors, including stigma, discrimination, and violence on the health and development of LGBT persons;
  • the methodological challenges, including definitional and measurement issues, and study design issues involved in conducting research on the health of LGBT people, and identification of best practices for conducting research in these populations;
  • research gaps, opportunities, and priorities for conducting research in the LGBT population;
  • research training to advance knowledge about LGBT health.

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