About Publications

Publications from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine provide objective and straightforward advice to decision makers and the public. This site includes Health and Medicine Division (HMD) publications released after 1998. A complete list of HMD’s publications from its establishment in 1970 to the present is available as a PDF.

Reports Index


  • From Generation to Generation: The Health and Well-Being of Children in Immigrant Families Released: January 01, 1998
    Immigrant children and youth are the fastest growing segment of the U.S. population, and so their prospects bear heavily on the well-being of the country. However, relevant public policy is shaped less by informed discussion than by politicized contention over welfare reform and immigration limits. This report explores what we know about the development of white, black, Hispanic, and Asian children and youth from numerous countries of origin.
  • Ensuring Safe Food From Production to Consumption Released: January 01, 1998
    How safe is our food supply? Each year the media report what appears to be growing concern related to illness caused by the food consumed by Americans. These food borne illnesses are caused by pathogenic microorganisms, pesticide residues, and food additives. Actions taken at the federal, state, and local levels in response to the increase in reported incidences of food borne illnesses point to the need to evaluate the food safety system in the United States. This report assesses the effectiveness of the current food safety system and provides recommendations on changes needed to ensure an effective science-based food safety system.
  • Bridging the Gap Between Practice and Research: Forging Partnerships with Community-Based Drug and Alcohol Treatment Released: January 01, 1998
    Today, most substance abuse treatment is administered by community-based organizations. If providers could readily incorporate the most recent advances in understanding the mechanisms of addiction and treatment, the treatment would be much more effective and efficient. Informed by real-life experiences in addiction treatment including workshops and site visits, this report examines why research remains remote from treatment and makes specific recommendations to community providers, federal and state agencies, and other decisionmakers.
  • Adequacy of the Comprehensive Clinical Evaluation Program: A Focused Assessment Released: January 01, 1998
    In 1994, the Department of Defense (DoD) asked the IOM to assemble a group of medical and public health experts to evaluate the adequacy of the Comprehensive Clinical Evaluation Program (CCEP). Late in 1995, DoD asked the IOM to continue its evaluation of the CCEP with special attention to the adequacy of the protocol.
  • Control of Cardiovascular Diseases in Developing Countries Released: January 01, 1998
    Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are increasing in epidemic proportions in developing countries. Large-scale CVD control efforts are lacking, however, and thus governments and individuals are left to make choices about health and health care services without the benefit of appropriate knowledge. This report was designed to promote a policy dialogue on CVD based on informed knowledge of R&D opportunities that offer effective, affordable, and widely applicable responses in developing countries.
  • Prevention of Micronutrient Deficiencies: Tools for Policymakers and Public Health Workers Released: January 01, 1998
    Micronutrient malnutrition affects approximately 2 billion people worldwide. The adverse effects of micronutrient deficiencies are profound and include premature death, poor health, blindness, growth stunting, mental retardation, learning disabilities, and low work capacity. This report provides a conceptual framework based on past experience that will allow funders to tailor programs to existing regional/country capabilities and to incorporate within these programs the capacity to address multiple strategies and multiple micronutrient deficiencies.
  • Veterans and Agent Orange: Update 1996. Summary and Research Highlights Released: April 18, 1997
    This IOM report presents the first updated review and evaluation of the newly published scientific evidence regarding associations between diseases and exposure to dioxin and other chemical compounds in herbicides used in Vietnam.
  • The Computer-Based Patient Record: An Essential Technology for Health Care, Revised Edition Released: January 01, 1997
    Most industries have plunged into data automation, but health care organizations have lagged in moving patients' medical records from paper to computers. In its first edition (1991), this book presented a blueprint for introducing the computer-based patient record (CPR). The revised edition adds new information to the original book.
  • Emerging Technologies for Nutrition Research: Potential for Assessing Military Performance Capability Released: January 01, 1997
    This report identifies and evaluates new technologies to determine whether they could help resolve important issues in military nutrition research.
  • Food Chemicals Codex: First Supplement to the Fourth Edition Released: January 01, 1997
    Keeping in pace with technological and manufacturing advances, the First Supplement to the fourth edition provides specifications for 20 substances new to the Food Chemicals Codex and more than 150 revisions of existing specifications and general test methods.