About Publications

Publications from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine provide objective and straightforward advice to decision makers and the public. This site includes Health and Medicine Division (HMD) publications released after 1998. A complete list of HMD’s publications from its establishment in 1970 to the present is available as a PDF.

Reports Index


  • America's Children: Health Insurance and Access to Care Released: January 01, 1998
    America's Children is a comprehensive, easy-to-read analysis of the relationship between health insurance and access to care. The book addresses three broad questions: How is children's health care currently financed? Does insurance equal access to care? How should the nation address the health needs of this vulnerable population?
  • Adequacy of the VA Persian Gulf Registry and Uniform Case Assessment Protocols Released: January 01, 1998
    In September 1996, VA asked IOM to evaluate the adequacy of the UCAP and its implementation with specific emphasis on the protocol, its implementation and administration, outreach efforts to inform veterans of available services, and education of providers. The committee made recommendations addressing the process for diagnosing Persian Gulf veterans’ health complaints; implementation and administration and the quality of services rendered; and outreach efforts and provider education.
  • Improving Civilian Medical Response to Chemical or Biological Terrorist Incidents Interim Report on Current Capabilities Released: January 01, 1998
    This interim report focuses on current civilian capabilities rather than ongoing and planned research and development (R&D) programs, which will be addressed in the committee's final report. The interim report thus provides a baseline against which to evaluate the utility of technology and R&D programs. It identifies some general areas in which innovative R&D is clearly needed, and in some cases is already underway.
  • Measuring the Health of Persian Gulf Veterans: Workshop Summary Released: January 01, 1998
    The committee organized a workshop on May 7, 1998, the purpose of which was to provide its members with background information on the health concerns of PGW veterans and an overview of research on this topic as a starting point for committee deliberations. This report of the presentations and discussion at that invitational workshop is being prepared in response to a request from the study sponsors, DVA and DoD. The report is strictly a summary of the workshop.
  • Vitamin C Fortification of Food Aid Commodities: Final Report Released: January 01, 1998
    In the present report the committee reviews and evaluates the final report of the pilot program, determines the cost-effectiveness of scaling up vitamin C fortification, makes recommendations concerning the advisability of increasing vitamin C fortification, and discusses alternative mechanisms for providing vitamin C to refugee populations at risk for vitamin C deficiency.
  • Assessing Readiness in Military Women: The Relationship of Body Composition, Nutrition, and Health Released: January 01, 1998
    U.S. military personnel are required to adhere to standards of body composition, fitness, and appearance to achieve and maintain readiness--that is, the maintenance of optimum health and performance so they are ready for deployment at any moment. In 1992, the Committee on Military Nutrition Research reviewed the existing standards and found that the standards for body composition required for women to achieve an appearance goal seemed to conflict with those necessary to ensure the ability to perform many types of military tasks. This report addresses that conflict, and reviews and makes recommendations about current policies.
  • The Social Security Administration's Disability Decision Process: A Framework for Research, Second Interim Report Released: January 01, 1998
    In July 2005, the Social Security Administration (SSA) proposed a new approach to assessing claims for disability benefits, which includes establishment of a national network of medical and psychological experts to evaluate cases. SSA asked the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies to offer guidance on the medical expertise required to evaluate medical records quickly and accurately. In Improving the Social Security Disability Decision Process: Interim Report, an IOM committee offers recommendations on the credentials that medical and psychological personnel who review case records should have, the training they need, and the compensation necessary to attract them.
  • Prevention of Micronutrient Deficiencies: Tools for Policymakers and Public Health Workers Released: January 01, 1998
    Micronutrient malnutrition affects approximately 2 billion people worldwide. The adverse effects of micronutrient deficiencies are profound and include premature death, poor health, blindness, growth stunting, mental retardation, learning disabilities, and low work capacity. This report provides a conceptual framework based on past experience that will allow funders to tailor programs to existing regional/country capabilities and to incorporate within these programs the capacity to address multiple strategies and multiple micronutrient deficiencies.
  • From Generation to Generation: The Health and Well-Being of Children in Immigrant Families Released: January 01, 1998
    Immigrant children and youth are the fastest growing segment of the U.S. population, and so their prospects bear heavily on the well-being of the country. However, relevant public policy is shaped less by informed discussion than by politicized contention over welfare reform and immigration limits. This report explores what we know about the development of white, black, Hispanic, and Asian children and youth from numerous countries of origin.
  • Control of Cardiovascular Diseases in Developing Countries Released: January 01, 1998
    Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are increasing in epidemic proportions in developing countries. Large-scale CVD control efforts are lacking, however, and thus governments and individuals are left to make choices about health and health care services without the benefit of appropriate knowledge. This report was designed to promote a policy dialogue on CVD based on informed knowledge of R&D opportunities that offer effective, affordable, and widely applicable responses in developing countries.