About Publications

Publications from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine provide objective and straightforward advice to decision makers and the public. This site includes Health and Medicine Division (HMD) publications released after 1998. A complete list of HMD’s publications from its establishment in 1970 to the present is available as a PDF.

Reports Index


  • Weighing the Options: Criteria for Evaluating Weight-Management Programs Released: January 01, 1995
    Many adults in America are obese and many more are dieting at any one time. This has resulted in a weight-loss industry worth billions of dollars a year and growing. What are the long-term results of weight-loss programs? How can people sort through the many programs available and select one that is right for them? Weighing the Options strives to answer these questions.
  • Health Consequences of Service During the Persian Gulf War: Initial Findings and Recommendations for Immediate Action Released: January 01, 1995
    This initial volume in an ongoing study of the potential health consequences of service during the Persian Gulf War responds to a request from Congress to determine whether actions taken to evaluate health effects have been appropriate.
  • Dental Education at the Crossroads: Challenges and Changes Released: January 01, 1995
    This comprehensive volume--the first to cover the education, research, and patient care missions of dental schools--offers specific recommendations on oral health assessment, access to dental care, dental school curricula, financing for education, research priorities, examinations and licensing, workforce planning, and other key areas.
  • Health Data in the Information Age: Use, Disclosure, and Privacy Released: January 01, 1994
    Based on experience with databases now in operation and in development, Health Data in the Information Age provides a clear set of guidelines and principles for exploiting the potential benefits of aggregated health data--without jeopardizing confidentiality.
  • Food Components to Enhance Performance: An Evaluation of Potential Performance-Enhancing Food Components for Operational Rations Released: January 01, 1994
    This book reviews and comments on the performance-enhancing potential of specific food components.
  • Veterans and Agent Orange: Health Effects of Herbicides Used in Vietnam Released: January 01, 1994
    In February 1992, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) of the National Academy of Sciences signed an agreement with the Veterans Administration (VA) to review and summarize the strength of the scientific evidence concerning the association between herbicide exposure during Vietnam service and each disease or condition suspected to be associated with such exposure.
  • Defining Primary Care: An Interim Report Released: January 01, 1994
    Defining Primary Care: An Interim Report
  • Reducing Risks for Mental Disorders: Frontiers for Preventive Intervention Research Released: January 01, 1994
    The understanding of how to reduce risk factors for mental disorders has expanded remarkably as a result of recent scientific advances. This study, mandated by Congress, reviews those advances in the context of current research and provides a targeted definition of prevention and a conceptual framework that emphasizes risk reduction.
  • Veterans at Risk: The Health Effects of Mustard Gas and Lewisite Released: January 01, 1993
    In 1991, the VA requested that the IOM convene a committee to assess the strength of association between exposure to Mustard Gas and Lewisite and the development of specific diseases. The committee was also charged with identifying the gaps in the literature, and making recommendations as to closing them.
  • Nutritional Needs in Hot Environments: Applications for Military Personnel in Field Operations Released: January 01, 1993
    This volume examines the current state of knowledge concerning the influence of a hot environment on nutrient requirements of military personnel. A parallel concern is ensuring that performance does not decline as a result of inadequate nutrition. The committee provides a thorough review of the literature in this area and interprets the diverse data in terms of military applications. In addition to a focus on specific nutrient needs in hot climates, the committee considers factors that might change food intake patterns and therefore overall calories.