About Publications

Publications from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine provide objective and straightforward advice to decision makers and the public. This site includes Health and Medicine Division (HMD) publications released after 1998. A complete list of HMD’s publications from its establishment in 1970 to the present is available as a PDF.


  • Building a National Capability to Monitor and Assess Medical ... Released: October 31, 2017
    During public health emergencies (PHEs) involving chemical, biological, radiological, or nuclear threats or emerging infectious diseases, medical countermeasures (MCMs)—including drugs, vaccines, and devices—may need to be dispensed or administered to affected populations to help mitigate the human health impact of the threat. As part of the United States’ scientific and research preparedness enterprise, there is an imperative to go “beyond the last mile” of MCM dispensing and administration to build and maintain a national capability to monitor and assess the use of MCMs.
  • Preparing for a Rapid Response to Major Marine Oil Spills ... Released: October 27, 2017
    Oil spills have potential health and public health consequences both for responders and affected communities; yet neither the current command structure nor the compensation structure account well for responding to these aspects of spills. To explore opportunities to improve preparedness, response, and recovery from oil spills the Gulf Research Program of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine asked the Health and Medical Division to convene a public workshop titled, Preparing for a Rapid Response to Major Offshore Oil Spills: A Workshop on Research Needs to Protect the Health and Well-Being of Communities.
  • Navigating the Manufacturing Process and Ensuring the ... Released: October 26, 2017
    Regenerative medicine holds the potential to create living, functional cells and tissues which can be used to repair or replace those that have suffered irreparable damage due to disease, age, traumatic injury, or congenital defects. Although regenerative medicine has the potential to result in health and economic benefits, this relatively new field faces unique manufacturing and regulatory challenges in the development of novel therapies that are both safe and effective. Some of these issues arise because regenerative medicine therapies produce and rely on living cells and tissues, which are inherently variable, even within a single type of cell.
  • Models and Strategies to Integrate Palliative Care Principles ... Released: October 24, 2017
    The Roundtable on Quality Care for People with Serious Illness hosted a full-day workshop on April 27, 2017 to explore Models and Strategies to Integrate Palliative Care Principles into Care for People with Serious Illness. The workshop aimed to highlight innovative models of community-based care for people of all ages facing serious illness.
  • Examining Challenges and Possible Strategies to Strengthen ... Released: October 18, 2017
    As the United States continues to adapt to a more digital, mobile, and interconnected world, health care and public health professionals have sought to better prepare for and respond to long-standing and emerging threats to the nation’s health security. Health security is the collective effort to prevent, protect against, mitigate, respond to, and recover from the health consequences of natural, man-made, and technological disasters.
  • Opportunities for Organ Donor Intervention Research: Saving ... Released: October 10, 2017
    The organ donation and transplantation system strives to honor the gift of donated organs by fully using those organs to save and improve the quality of the lives of their recipients. While most related research to date has focused on improving transplantation processes and health outcomes for recipients, the field of organ donor intervention research looks at ways to enhance the quality and increase the quantity of organs that can be recovered from deceased donors and then successfully transplanted.
  • Translating the Results of Hurricane Sandy Research Grants ... Released: September 15, 2017
    The workshop held in Washington DC, convened the public, past Hurricane Sandy Research Grants recipients, policy makers, and public health preparedness practice professionals to explore research findings and discuss opportunities for translation to future preparedness and response efforts. The workshop rapporteurs have prepared this proceedings as a factual summation of the session discussions.
  • Exploring the Translation of the Results of Hurricane Sandy ... Released: September 15, 2017
    The workshop Translating the Results of Hurricane Sandy Research Grants into Policy and Operations was convened on July 20, 2017, in Washington, DC, by the Health and Medicine Division of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine with the objective of exploring key findings from published Hurricane Sandy research grant projects, examining the impact of the scientific findings on disaster policy and operations, and discussing opportunities to translate the research findings to future preparedness response and recovery efforts.
  • Biomarkers of Neuroinflammation: Proceedings of a Workshop ... Released: September 15, 2017
    Innate and adaptive immunity have become very important areas of investigation for psychiatric, neurologic, and neurodevelopmental disorders, and neurodegeneration resulting from traumatic brain injury. To address these gaps in understanding mechanisms and how to translate that understanding into therapeutics, the Forum on Neuroscience and Nervous System Disorders of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine convened a workshop on March 20–21, 2017, bringing together key leaders in the field from industry, academia, and governmental agencies to explore the role and mechanisms of neuroinflammation in a variety of central nervous system diseases.
  • Preparing for the Future of Disaster Health Volunteerism ... Released: August 15, 2017
    The Forum on Medical and Public Health Preparedness for Disasters and Emergencies of the Health and Medicine Division of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine convened a 4-hour session at the 2017 Preparedness Summit. The participants discussed potential characteristics of society in the year 2042 and the key resources, tools, and opportunities necessary to support the development of a robust, scalable, and regularly engaged disaster health volunteer workforce prepared for such a future.