About Publications

Publications from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine provide objective and straightforward advice to decision makers and the public. This site includes Health and Medicine Division (HMD) publications released after 1998. A complete list of HMD’s publications from its establishment in 1970 to the present is available as a PDF.

  • Nutrition and Traumatic Brain Injury: Improving Acute and ... Released: April 20, 2011
    Traumatic brain injury (TBI) accounts for up to one-third of combat-related injuries in Iraq and Afghanistan, according to some estimates. TBI is also a major problem among civilians, especially those who engage in certain sports. At the request of the Department of Defense, the IOM examined the potential role of nutrition in the treatment of and resilience against TBI.
  • Use of Dietary Supplements by Military Personnel : Health and ... Released: June 09, 2008
    The use of dietary supplements has become increasingly popular among members of the military. While some supplements may provide benefits to health, others could carry adverse effects that might compromise the readiness and performance of service members. The U.S. Department of Defense, the Samueli Institute, the National Institutes of Health (NIH), with additional support from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), requested that the Institute of Medicine (IOM) review the use of dietary supplements by military personnel, recommending a framework to identify the need for management of dietary supplement use within the military, and developing an approach to report adverse health events.
  • Mineral Requirements for Military Personnel: Levels Needed ... Released: March 21, 2006
    The Committee on Mineral Requirements for Cognitive and Physical Performance for Military Personnel produced recommendations for mineral intake levels during military garrison training. These levels are different from the levels required by the general population because soldiers engaged in extensive training while in potentially stressful situations; the difference in intake levels for certain minerals mainly take into account losses through sweating that come with the increased physical activity that training entails.
  • Monitoring Metabolic Status: Predicting Decrements in ... Released: April 26, 2004
    An IOM report, titled Monitoring Metabolic Status: Predicting Decrements in Physiological and Cognitive Performance during Military Operations, examines current and needed technologies and information that will provide information for command decisions relative to the physiological and psychological "readiness" of each combat service member. Specifically, the report identifies the most promising biomarkers for the prediction of health deterioration, tools for monitoring metabolic status in the field, algorithms to interpret data, and current research investments that may lead to revolutionary advances.
  • Weight Management: State of the Science and Opportunities ... Released: August 01, 2003
    The current epidemic of overweight and obesity in the United States affects the military services. The pool of available recruits is reduced because of failure to meet body composition standards for entry into the services, a high percentage of individuals exceeding military weight-for-height standards at the time of entry into the service leave the military before completing their term of enlistment. Weight Management: State of the Science and Opportunities for Military Programs is the latest in a series of reports focused on improving the nutrition, health and performance of the U.S. military personnel.
  • Reducing Stress Fracture in Physically Active Military Women ... Released: May 21, 2003
    The incidence of stress fractures of the lower extremities during U.S. military basic training is significantly higher among female military recruits than among male recruits. As part of the Defense Women's Health Research Program, this report evaluates the impact of diet, genetic predisposition, and physical activity on bone mineral and calcium status in young servicewomen.
  • Not Eating Enough: Overcoming Underconsumption of Military ... Released: May 21, 2003
    This book contains 20 chapters by military and nonmilitary scientists from such fields as food science, food marketing and engineering, nutrition, physiology, psychology, and various medical specialties. Although described within a context of military tasks, the committee's conclusions and recommendations have wide-reaching implications for people who find that job-related stress changes their eating habits.
  • A review of the Revision of the Medical Services Nutrition ... Released: May 21, 2003
    A letter report on A review of the Revision of the Medical Services Nutrition Allowances, Standards, and Education (AR 40-25, 1985)
  • The Long Life Ration Packet (LLRP), A Brief Report : Health ... Released: May 21, 2003
    The Long Life Ration Packet (LLRP), A Brief Report