About Publications

Publications from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine provide objective and straightforward advice to decision makers and the public. This site includes Health and Medicine Division (HMD) publications released after 1998. A complete list of HMD’s publications from its establishment in 1970 to the present is available as a PDF.


  • Improving Cancer Diagnosis and Care: Patient Access to ... Released: September 11, 2018
    To examine opportunities to improve cancer diagnosis and care, the National Cancer Policy Forum developed a two-workshop series. The first workshop—held on February 12-13, 2018 in Washington, DC—focused on potential strategies to ensure patients have access to appropriate expertise and technologies in oncologic pathology and imaging to inform cancer diagnosis and subsequent care decisions.
  • Building the Case for Health Literacy: Proceedings of a ... Released: July 26, 2018
    To understand the extent to which health literacy has been shown to be effective at contributing to the Quadruple Aim of improving the health of communities, providing better care, providing affordable care, and improving the experience of the health care team, the Roundtable on Health Literacy established an ad hoc committee to plan and conduct a public workshop on building the case for health literacy.
  • Returning Individual Research Results to Participants ... Released: July 10, 2018
    An ad hoc committee reviewed the current evidence on the benefits, harms, and costs of returning individual research results, while also considering the ethical, social, operational, and regulatory aspects of the practice.
  • Neuroforensics: Exploring the Legal Implications of Emerging ... Released: July 06, 2018
    On March 6, 2018, the Forum on Neuroscience and Nervous System Disorders, in collaboration with the Committee on Science, Technology, and Law (CSTL), held a public workshop to explore and advance efforts to identify and evaluate the potential effects of emerging neurotechnologies on the legal system.
  • Physician-Assisted Death: Scanning the Landscape ... Released: June 27, 2018
    As a matter of public opinion and of public policy, a national dialogue is taking place around the question of whether, and under what circumstances, terminally ill patients can access life-ending medications with the aid of a physician. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from a workshop of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. The workshop explored what is known and not known empirically about the practice of physician-assisted death, as well as some of the moral and ethical considerations regarding the practice.
  • Establishing Effective Patient Navigation Programs in ... Released: May 24, 2018
    Delivering high-quality cancer care to all patients presents numerous challenges, including difficulties with ensuring patients have access to well-coordinated care across the cancer continuum. Patient navigation programs are designed to promote access to timely cancer diagnosis and care by addressing barriers to cancer care, such as challenges with health literacy, language barriers affecting comprehension of diagnosis and treatment, lack of transportation, or insufficient insurance coverage. Patient navigation programs were originally designed—and are still primarily directed at—improving cancer care among vulnerable patients.
  • Long-Term Survivorship Care After Cancer Treatment ... Released: April 27, 2018
    To examine progress in cancer survivorship care since the consensus report From Cancer Patient to Cancer Survivor: Lost in Transition, the National Cancer Policy Forum held a workshop, “Long-Term Survivorship Care After Cancer Treatment” on July 24 and July 25, 2017, in Washington, DC. Workshop presentations and discussions highlighted potential opportunities to improve the planning, management, and delivery of cancer survivorship care.
  • Advancing Therapeutic Development for Pain and Opioid Use ... Released: March 23, 2018
    Chronic pain is one of the most prevalent, costly, and disabling health conditions in the United States. In parallel with increasing recognition of the need to treat chronic pain, the opioid epidemic has emerged as a growing public health emergency. In 2017, the National Institutes of Health began exploring public-private partnerships to develop solutions to the opioid crisis and cut in half the time it takes to develop non-addictive analgesics. To help inform this effort, the National Academies’ Forum on Neuroscience and Nervous Systems Disorders hosted a public workshop that brought together experts and stakeholders from academia, federal agencies, advocacy organizations, and companies developing therapeutics for pain and opioid use disorders.
  • Community-Based Health Literacy Interventions: Proceedings ... Released: March 09, 2018
    The Roundtable on Health Literacy hosted a one-day public workshop that featured moderated panels, invited presentations, and discussions of community-based health literacy interventions. The areas of focus included the range of community-based health literacy interventions that currently exist, research related to community-based health literacy interventions, and best practices in community-based health literacy interventions.
  • Enabling Novel Treatments for Nervous System Disorders by ... Released: March 08, 2018
    The blood-brain barrier (BBB) presents a special challenge to the development of therapeutics for many central nervous system (CNS) disorders. Far from acting simply as a physical barrier, the BBB is a complex dynamic system involving several cell types, passive and active transport mechanisms, and adaptive function to control the exchange of substances between the blood and the CNS. Few therapeutic agents readily traverse the BBB to reach the brain or spinal cord, including most small molecule drugs and the vast majority of large molecules such as proteins.