Publications from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine provide objective and straightforward advice to decision makers and the public. This site includes Health and Medicine Division (HMD) publications released after 1998. A complete list of HMD’s publications from its establishment in 1970 to the present is available as a PDF.
The Safety and Quality of Abortion Care in the United States ...
Released: March 16, 2018
Health care quality is a multidimensional concept. With support from six private foundations, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine convened a committee to examine the available evidence on the safety and quality of different abortion methods, health facilities, and types of clinicians as well as the potential physical and mental health impacts on women. This resulting report provides a comprehensive review of the state of the science.
Implementing and Evaluating Genomic Screening Programs ...
Released: March 16, 2018
Genomic applications are being integrated into a broad range of clinical and research activities at health care systems across the United States. The genomics-based screening programs are clinical screening programs that examine genes or variants in unselected populations in order to identify individuals who are at an increased risk for a particular health concern (e.g., diseases, adverse drug outcomes) and who might benefit from clinical interventions.
Nutrigenomics and the Future of Nutrition: Proceedings of a ...
Released: March 15, 2018
The Food Forum of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine hosted a public workshop in Washington, DC, to review current knowledge in the field of nutrigenomics and to explore the potential impact of personalized nutrition on health maintenance and chronic disease prevention.
Achieving Rural Health Equity and Well-Being: Proceedings of ...
Released: March 14, 2018
Rural areas have histories, economies, and cultures that differ from those of cities and from one rural area to another. Understanding these differences is critical to taking steps to improve health and well-being in rural areas and to reduce health disparities among rural populations. To explore the impacts of economic, demographic, and social issues in rural communities and to learn about asset-based approaches to addressing the associated challenges, the Roundtable on Population Health Improvement and the Roundtable on the Promotion of Health Equity of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine held a workshop in June, 2017.
Aging and Disability: Beyond Stereotypes to Inclusion ...
Released: March 13, 2018
How do stereotypes affect the health and independence of aging adults and those with disabilities? How do they impact the industries that interact with these populations? And what are some opportunities to disrupt the narrative and change perceptions of what it means to be older or have a disability?
Community-Based Health Literacy Interventions: Proceedings ...
Released: March 09, 2018
The Roundtable on Health Literacy hosted a one-day public workshop that featured moderated panels, invited presentations, and discussions of community-based health literacy interventions. The areas of focus included the range of community-based health literacy interventions that currently exist, research related to community-based health literacy interventions, and best practices in community-based health literacy interventions.
Enabling Novel Treatments for Nervous System Disorders by ...
Released: March 08, 2018
The blood-brain barrier (BBB) presents a special challenge to the development of therapeutics for many central nervous system (CNS) disorders. Far from acting simply as a physical barrier, the BBB is a complex dynamic system involving several cell types, passive and active transport mechanisms, and adaptive function to control the exchange of substances between the blood and the CNS. Few therapeutic agents readily traverse the BBB to reach the brain or spinal cord, including most small molecule drugs and the vast majority of large molecules such as proteins.
A Proposed Framework for Integration of Quality Performance ...
Released: March 07, 2018
The Roundtable on Health Literacy hosted a public workshop featuring invited presentations and discussion of the quality performance measures for integration of health literacy, cultural competence, and language access services. A commissioned paper was presented and the workshop included presentations and discussion of reactions to the paper; the relationship of quality measures to patient-centered care; and approaches to integrating measures in health care organizations.
Health-Care Utilization as a Proxy in Disability Determination ...
Released: March 01, 2018
The Social Security Administration (SSA) administers two programs that provide benefits based on disability: the Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) program and the Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program. The SSDI program provides disability benefits to people who are under the full retirement age and are no longer able to work because of a disabling medical condition or because they have a terminal illness. The SSI program is a means-tested income-assistance program for disabled, blind, and aged people who have limited income and resources regardless of their prior participation in the labor force.
Public Policy Approaches to Violence Prevention ...
Released: February 23, 2018
In response to the societal impacts and costs of violence, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine held a workshop on December 1–2, 2016, with the aim of illuminating the ways in which violence prevention practitioners can effectively share their evidence-based research findings with policy makers in order to positively affect and amplify violence prevention efforts.