About Publications

Publications from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine provide objective and straightforward advice to decision makers and the public. This site includes Health and Medicine Division (HMD) publications released after 1998. A complete list of HMD’s publications from its establishment in 1970 to the present is available as a PDF.


  • Finding a Path to Safety in Food Allergy: Assessment of the ... Released: November 30, 2016
    Food allergy—an adverse health effect arising from a specific immune response that occurs, reproducibly, on exposure to a given food—can affect people’s lives in a number of ways, impacting routine life activities and sometimes diminishing social interactions and potentially causing severe health effects. Although much is known about this complex disease, many fundamental questions remain, and recommendations by public health authorities may be limited by scarce or inconsistent research findings.
  • Examining Access to Nutrition Care in Outpatient Cancer ... Released: August 15, 2016
    An ad hoc planning committee of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine’s Food and Nutrition Board convened a 1-day public workshop titled “Examining Access to Nutrition Care in Outpatient Cancer Centers,” to explore evolving interactions between nutritional care, cancer, and health outcomes.
  • Meeting the Dietary Needs of Older Adults Exploring the ... Released: July 14, 2016
    On October 28-29, 2015, the Food and Nutrition Board convened a workshop, Meeting the Dietary Needs of Older Adults. The workshop was designed to examine factors in the physical, social, and cultural environment that affect the ability of older adults to meet their daily dietary needs. This document summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.
  • The Role of Business in Multisector Obesity Solutions ... Released: June 29, 2016
    n April 12, 2016, the Roundtable on Obesity Solutions convened a 1-day workshop in Washington, DC, to examine the role of the business sector in obesity solutions. The goal of the workshop was threefold: (1) explore why companies should be involved in obesity solutions and how to encourage them to do so; (2) identify reasons why businesses might be interested in being involved in obesity solutions; (3) identify ways in which business can be engaged in obesity solutions.
  • Assessing Prevalence and Trends in Obesity: Navigating the ... Released: June 21, 2016
    Accurate and meaningful estimates of prevalence and trends are fundamental to describing and understanding the scope of obesity. Policy makers, program planners, and other stakeholders search for and use reports relevant to their population(s) of interest to inform decision making. Interpreting and appropriately applying information derived from such reports, however, is challenging because of variations in methodologies and presentation that exist in the literature. In the report, Assessing Prevalence and Trends in Obesity: Navigating the Evidence, the committee offers a description of the landscape of the literature, a framework for assessing and interpreting published reports, and recommendations for improving future data collection efforts and filling data gaps.
  • Obesity in the Early Childhood Years: State of the Science and ... Released: June 01, 2016
    To explore what is known about effective and innovative interventions to counter obesity in young children, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine’s Roundtable on Obesity Solutions held a workshop in Washington, DC, on October 6, 2015, titled Obesity in the Early Childhood Years: Emerging Science and Implemen­tation of Promising Solutions. The workshop brought together leaders from many sectors to describe the science of early childhood obesity, from its prevalence and trends to the influence of epigenetics and sleep.  Speakers and participants also explored risk factors for children, effective cross-sector solutions, and opportunities for interventions in the many settings where children live, learn, and play. This summary describes what was discussed at the workshop.
  • Food Literacy: How Do Communications and Marketing ... Released: April 27, 2016
    On September 3–4, 2015, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine’s Food and Nutrition Board convened a workshop in Washington, DC, to discuss how communications and marketing impact consumer knowledge, skills, and behavior around food, nutrition, and healthy eating.
  • Meeting the Dietary Needs of Older Adults: Workshop in Brief ... Released: February 01, 2016
    On October 28–29, 2015, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine Food and Nutrition Board convened a workshop in Washington, DC, to examine factors in the physical, social, and cultural environment that affect the ability of older adults to meet their daily dietary needs
  • Obesity in the Early Childhood Years: State of the Science and ... Released: January 11, 2016
    On October 6, 2015, the Roundtable on Obesity Solutions of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine held a workshop titled “Obesity in the Early Childhood Years: State of the Science and Implementation of Promising Solutions.” The workshop examined what is currently known about the prevalence of obesity in young children, its trends over time, and its persistence into later childhood, adolescence, and adulthood; epigenetic factors related to risk of early childhood obesity; and the development of taste and flavor preferences in the first few years of life.
  • Review of WIC Food Packages: Proposed Framework for ... Released: November 20, 2015
    The U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Food and Nutrition Service requested that the Institute of Medicine undertake a review of the WIC food packages to align the program with dietary guidance in the 2015 Dietary Guidelines for Americans. In response, the IOM convened the Committee to Review WIC Food Packages to address this task.