About Publications

Publications from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine provide objective and straightforward advice to decision makers and the public. This site includes Health and Medicine Division (HMD) publications released after 1998. A complete list of HMD’s publications from its establishment in 1970 to the present is available as a PDF.


  • Redesigning the Process for Establishing the Dietary ... Released: September 14, 2017
    The Dietary Guidelines for Americans (DGA) provides nutritional and dietary information with the intention of promoting health and preventing chronic disease, and serves as the basis for all federal nutrition policies and nutrition assistance programs, as well as nutrition education programs. This guidance is updated and released every 5 years by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). The process of updating the DGA is informed by an assessment of relevant scientific data by a federal advisory committee of nationally recognized experts, called the Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee (DGAC).
  • Building Sustainable Financing Structures for Population ... Released: July 18, 2017
    A workshop held on October 19, 2016 explored financing structures from non-health sectors that provide lessons and examples useful for cross-sector efforts to change community conditions that influence population health. The workshop showcased speakers with expertise in clean energy financing, housing, and justice reinvestment. Presentations and discussion included examples of the ways in which financing approaches (e.g., gain sharing agreements, taxes, credits) can be designed to achieve co-benefits, or win-wins, for health and other domains.
  • Exploring Equity in Multisector Community Health ... Released: June 13, 2017
    The Roundtable on Population Health Improvement wanted to explore how a variety of community-based organizations create and maintain innovative and sustainable approaches to multisector community health partnerships. To do so, on December 8, 2016, the roundtable hosted a workshop in Oakland, California to explore multisector community health partnerships that engage residents, reduce health disparities, and improve health and well-being. The workshop participants heard from speakers from a range of multisector partnerships with the goal of learning about what makes those partnerships and initiatives effective and of understanding the challenges that these partnerships have had to overcome in order to create change in their communities.
  • Protecting the Health and Well-being of Communities in a ... Released: June 09, 2017
    A March 13, 2017 workshop explored the implications of climate change for population health and the potential mitigation and adaptation strategies for public health, environmental health, health care and other stakeholders. The workshop also explored a range of perspectives from local government, civil society organizations, and health care organizations, and showcased practical examples of strategies to address climate effects on population health.
  • Multisector Community Health Partnerships: Potential ... Released: May 19, 2017
    On December 8, 2016, the Roundtable on Population Health Improvement held a public workshop, Exploring the Infrastructure of Multisector Community Health Partnerships. At this workshop, participants explored multisector community health partnerships that aim to address inequities and improve the health and well-being of communities. Individual participants discussed different strategies used by community partnerships to engage residents in community health initiatives.
  • Training the Future Child Health Care Workforce to Improve ... Released: May 12, 2017
    Childhood diagnoses of cognitive, affective, and behavioral disorders are increasing in both absolute numbers and as a proportion of the total childhood population in the United States, and they are imposing a large and growing burden on children, youth, and families. However, the adoption of evidence-based interventions that have proven effective in preventing and treating behavioral health disorders in children has been slow. A contributing factor for this slow adoption may be that current training in many fields involving the behavioral health of children is falling short of meeting needs.
  • Future Financial Economics of Health Professional Education ... Released: April 05, 2017
    The Government Accountability Office (GAO), World Health Organization (WHO), and the World Bank all agree that “an adequate, well-trained, and diverse health [care] workforce is essential for providing access to quality health [care] services.” However, according to the World Bank, efforts to scale up the supply of health workers are falling short. The resulting health workforce shortage affects people’s access to quality health care around the globe, and can result in untreated sickness, disability, and adverse economic consequences.
  • Implementing Evidence-Based Prevention by Communities to ... Released: March 20, 2017
    Communities also represent the front line in addressing many behavioral health conditions experienced by children, adolescents, young adults, and their families. Given the importance of communities in shaping the health and well being of young people, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine held a workshop in June 2016, to examine the implementation of evidence- based prevention by communities. Participants examined questions related to scaling up, managing, and sustaining science in communities. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.
  • Promoting the Educational Success of Children and Youth ... Released: February 28, 2017
    Effectively educating children who are learning English as their second language is a national challenge with consequences both for individuals and for American society. Despite their potential, many young English learners are struggling to meet the requirements for academic success, a difficulty that jeopardizes their prospects for success in post-secondary education and in the workforce. A committee of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine examined how evidence relevant to the development of English learners can inform policies and practices that can result in better educational outcomes for these young people.
  • Innovations in Investing in Young Children Globally ... Released: February 08, 2017
    With innovations ranging from prioritizing the needs of children in national agendas to unique partnerships that enable services to reach children in remote contexts as a backdrop, on October 20-21, 2016, the Forum on Investing in Young Children Globally, in partnership with the Jacobs Foundation, the Institute for Human Development at the Aga Khan University, and the Bernard van Leer Foundation, convened its ninth and final workshop in Abidjan, Cote d’Ivoire, to explore topics related to innovations in investing in young children globally.