Publications from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine provide objective and straightforward advice to decision makers and the public. This site includes Health and Medicine Division (HMD) publications released after 1998. A complete list of HMD’s publications from its establishment in 1970 to the present is available as a PDF.
Rebuilding the Unity of Health and the Environment in Rural ...
Released: March 10, 2006
Throughout much of its history, the United States was predominantly a rural society. The need to provide sustenance resulted in many people settling in areas where food could be raised for their families. The Institute of Medicine's Roundtable on Environmental Health Science, Research, and Medicine held a regional workshop at the University of Iowa on November 29 and 30, 2004, to look at rural environmental health issues. This report is a summary of that workshop.
The Impact of Globalization on Infectious Disease Emergence ...
Released: March 03, 2006
As transborder mobility of humans, animals, food, and feed products increases, so does the threat of the spread of dangerous pathogens and infectious disease. While new global markets have created unprecedented economic opportunities and growth, the benefits have not been equally distributed, and the risks--especially the health risks--of our increasingly interconnected and fast-paced world continue to grow. On April 16 and 17, 2002, the Forum on Microbial Threats conducted a working group discussion on the influence of globalization on the emergence and control of infectious diseases.
Progress in Preventing Childhood Obesity: Focus on ...
Released: February 17, 2006
The Institute of Medicine (IOM), through the Food and Nutrition Board, and with support from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, is undertaking a study to design a dissemination effort that will promote the implementation of the findings and recommendations for the IOM report, Preventing Childhood Obesity: Health in the Balance, and to assess progress in childhood obesity prevention efforts.
Valuing Health for Regulatory Cost-Effectiveness Analysis ...
Released: January 11, 2006
The report of the committee, Valuing Health for Regulatory Cost-Effectiveness Analysis, reviews and makes recommendations for using integrated measures of morbidity and mortality (such as quality-adjusted life years, or QALYs); reporting cost-effectiveness ratios; and data and research needs to improve regulatory cost-effectiveness analysis.
Ethical Considerations for Research on Housing-Related ...
Released: September 19, 2005
In the wake of the Maryland Court of Appeals ruling in the case of Grimes v. Kennedy Krieger Institute, the National Academies was asked to review the challenges and ethical issues in conducting housing-related health hazards research.
Mortality in US Army Gulf War Veterans Exposed to 1991 ...
Released: July 25, 2005
A research paper to be published in the August 2005 issue of the American Journal of Public Health finds that Gulf War veterans who may have been exposed to nerve agents during the March 1991 weapons demolitions in Khamisiyah, Iraq, appear to have a higher risk for brain cancer death than veterans who were not exposed.
Implications of Nanotechnology for Environmental Health ...
Released: March 25, 2005
The workshop summary, titled Implications of Nanotechnology for Environmental Health Research, captures the discussions and presentations by the speakers and participants, who identified the areas in which additional research was needed, the processes by which changes could occur, and the gaps in our knowledge.
Veterans and Agent Orange: Update 2004 : Health and ...
Released: March 03, 2005
Agent Orange and other herbicides were used as defoliants in the Vietnam War. Under a Congressional mandate, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) of the National Academies conducted a comprehensive review of the scientific literature to determine whether Vietnam veterans may be experiencing health effects associated with exposure to those herbicides or chemicals contaminating them. IOM's study has been updated every two years, and Veterans and Agent Orange: Update 2004 is the latest report in that series.
Rebuilding the Unity of Health and the Environment: The ...
Released: February 03, 2005
At a workshop sponsored by the Institute of Medicine's Roundtable on Environmental Health Sciences, Research, and Medicine in January 2004, titled Rebuilding the Unity of Health and the Environment: The Greater Houston Metropolitan Area, representatives from a variety of fields worked together to address issues of health and environment specific to the area. This workshop, one in a series of regional workshops sponsored by the Roundtable, was initiated based on the view that for a long time the world of environment, environmental regulation, environmental control, and engineering had moved in one direction, while the world of health had moved in another.