Publications from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine provide objective and straightforward advice to decision makers and the public. This site includes Health and Medicine Division (HMD) publications released after 1998. A complete list of HMD’s publications from its establishment in 1970 to the present is available as a PDF.
Asbestos: Selected Cancers : Health and Medicine Division
Released: June 06, 2006
This Institute of Medicine committee was charged with evaluating the evidence relevant to the causation of cancers of the pharynx, larynx, esophagus, stomach, and colon and rectum by asbestos and with judging whether the evidence is sufficient to infer a causal association.
Globalization, Biosecurity, and the Future of the Life Sciences ...
Released: April 10, 2006
Biomedical advances have made it possible to identify and manipulate features of living organisms in useful ways -- leading to improvements in public health, agriculture, and other areas. However, coordinated global efforts are needed to reduce the growing risk that new advances in these areas will be used to make novel biological weapons or misused by careless groups and individuals. The report recommends multidisciplinary measures to identify and mitigate such dangers over the next five to 10 years.
Rebuilding the Unity of Health and the Environment in Rural ...
Released: March 10, 2006
Throughout much of its history, the United States was predominantly a rural society. The need to provide sustenance resulted in many people settling in areas where food could be raised for their families. The Institute of Medicine's Roundtable on Environmental Health Science, Research, and Medicine held a regional workshop at the University of Iowa on November 29 and 30, 2004, to look at rural environmental health issues. This report is a summary of that workshop.
The Impact of Globalization on Infectious Disease Emergence ...
Released: March 03, 2006
As transborder mobility of humans, animals, food, and feed products increases, so does the threat of the spread of dangerous pathogens and infectious disease. While new global markets have created unprecedented economic opportunities and growth, the benefits have not been equally distributed, and the risks--especially the health risks--of our increasingly interconnected and fast-paced world continue to grow. On April 16 and 17, 2002, the Forum on Microbial Threats conducted a working group discussion on the influence of globalization on the emergence and control of infectious diseases.
Progress in Preventing Childhood Obesity: Focus on ...
Released: February 17, 2006
The Institute of Medicine (IOM), through the Food and Nutrition Board, and with support from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, is undertaking a study to design a dissemination effort that will promote the implementation of the findings and recommendations for the IOM report, Preventing Childhood Obesity: Health in the Balance, and to assess progress in childhood obesity prevention efforts.
Valuing Health for Regulatory Cost-Effectiveness Analysis ...
Released: January 11, 2006
The report of the committee, Valuing Health for Regulatory Cost-Effectiveness Analysis, reviews and makes recommendations for using integrated measures of morbidity and mortality (such as quality-adjusted life years, or QALYs); reporting cost-effectiveness ratios; and data and research needs to improve regulatory cost-effectiveness analysis.
Ethical Considerations for Research on Housing-Related ...
Released: September 19, 2005
In the wake of the Maryland Court of Appeals ruling in the case of Grimes v. Kennedy Krieger Institute, the National Academies was asked to review the challenges and ethical issues in conducting housing-related health hazards research.
Mortality in US Army Gulf War Veterans Exposed to 1991 ...
Released: July 25, 2005
A research paper to be published in the August 2005 issue of the American Journal of Public Health finds that Gulf War veterans who may have been exposed to nerve agents during the March 1991 weapons demolitions in Khamisiyah, Iraq, appear to have a higher risk for brain cancer death than veterans who were not exposed.