Publications from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine provide objective and straightforward advice to decision makers and the public. This site includes Health and Medicine Division (HMD) publications released after 1998. A complete list of HMD’s publications from its establishment in 1970 to the present is available as a PDF.
The Development of DRIs 1994-2004: Lessons Learned and ...
Released: November 30, 2007
The Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs), developed between 1994 and 2004, represented a new approach to nutrient reference standards. In order to engage expert research scientists, nutrition practitioners, representatives from U.S. and Canadian government, academia, and industry in discussion on the issues about the development and application of the DRIs, the IOM's Food and Nutrition Board convened a three-day workshop from September 18-20, 2007. The Development of DRIs 1994–2004: Lessons Learned and New Challenges, A Preliminary Workshop Summary reflects the presentations and discussions that took place during the three-day workshop.
Nutrigenomics and Beyond: Informing the Future Workshop ...
Released: May 22, 2007
Nutrition science is uniquely poised to serve as the crossroads for many disciplines and, using genomics tools, can bridge this knowledge to bet¬ter understand and address diet-related chronic diseases and molecular responses to dietary factors. To address these issues, the Institute of Medicine held a two-day workshop, and released Nutrigenomics and Beyond: Informing the Future Workshop Summary, which explores the state of the science, examines its potential, and discusses how that potential might best be realized.
Nutrition Standards for Foods in Schools: Leading the Way ...
Released: April 23, 2007
In response to growing concerns over obesity, national attention has focused on the need to establish school nutrition standards and limit access to competitive foods. Congress directed the CDC to undertake a study with the Institute of Medicine (IOM) to review and make recommendations about appropriate nutritional stands for the availability, sale, content and consumption of foods at school, with attention to competitive foods.
Influence of Pregnancy Weight on Maternal and Child Health ...
Released: March 14, 2007
Given the unprecedented environment in the United States in which two-thirds of the adult population meets the criteria for being overweight or obese, the implications for women in the reproductive age period are unique in the history of the country. In May 2006, at the request of the Health Resources and Services Administration’s Maternal and Child Health Bureau in the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the National Research Council and the Institute of Medicine convened a workshop to examine emerging research findings related to the complex relationship of the biological, behavioral, psychological, and social interactions that affect maternal and pregnancy weight on maternal and child health outcomes.
Adequacy of Evidence for Physical Activity Guideline ...
Released: January 17, 2007
To address whether or not there is sufficient evidence to develop a comprehensive set of physical activity guidelines for Americans, the Department of Health and Human Services sponsored an Institute of Medicine (IOM) on the Adequacy of Evidence for Physical Activity Guidelines Development in Washington, DC on October 23–24, 2006.
Joint US-Mexico Workshop on Preventing Obesity in Children ...
Released: January 16, 2007
The Joint U.S.-Mexico Workshop on Preventing Obesity in Children and Youth of Mexican Origin was initiated by a desire to share experiences regarding the problem of obesity in children and youth of Mexican origin on both sides of the border, with a particular focus on potential solutions. U.S and Mexican researchers, public health officials, industry leaders, and policy-makers engaged in valuable dialogue to share perspectives, challenges, and opportunities.
Seafood Choices: Balancing Benefits and Risks : Health and ...
Released: October 13, 2006
Seafood is a widely available, nutrient-rich food that provides high quality protein, low in saturated fat and rich in polyunsaturated fats, and particularly the omega-3 fatty acids eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosapentaenoic acid (DHA). The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) asked the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies to review evidence on the benefits and risks associated with seafood consumption to help consumers make informed choices and to make recommendations on ways to guide U.S. consumers in making appropriate selections. Additional support has been provided by the Food and Drug Administration.
Addressing Foodborne Threats to Health: Policies, Practices ...
Released: September 15, 2006
Foodborne agents have been estimated to cause approximately 76 million illnesses, 325,000 hospitalizations, and 5,200 deaths in the United States each year. In order to examine issues critical to the protection of the nation’s food supply, the Institute of Medicine’s Forum on Microbial Threats hosted a public workshop on October 25 and 26, 2005, in Washington, D.C. to explore existing knowledge and unanswered questions on the nature and extent of foodborne threats to health.