About Publications

Publications from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine provide objective and straightforward advice to decision makers and the public. This site includes Health and Medicine Division (HMD) publications released after 1998. A complete list of HMD’s publications from its establishment in 1970 to the present is available as a PDF.


  • The Cost of Inaction for Young Children Globally - Workshop ... Released: August 20, 2014
    The Forum on Investing in Young Children Globally, which has now launched, went through a yearlong planning process with initial planning grants by the Bernard Van Leer Foundation and the Doris Duke Charitable Foundation. The first planning meeting took place in March 2013 and the second one in June 2013. Out of those two meetings and discussions with multiple leaders in the field, most of whom are here today, came the vision, objectives, and goals for the Forum on Investing in Young Children Globally.
  • Evaluation Design for Complex Global Initiatives – Workshop ... Released: June 26, 2014
    On January 7–8, 2014, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) held a workshop to explore examples of recent evaluation experiences that have drawn on an array of available methodologies applied in different ways to evaluate health and development initiatives. The workshop was an opportunity to reflect on the relative benefits and limitations of different evaluation design options that can be used within the context of a large-scale, complex initiative to reach credible conclusions and recommendations and to improve the implementation and performance of the evaluated initiative. This document summarizes the workshop.
  • Assessing Health Professional Education - Workshop ... Released: April 30, 2014
    In an era of evolving technology and changing health and health care environments, creative thinking about assessment methods and tools could be the driver for innovations that are affordable, easily integrated into education, and assess competencies at all levels. On October 9-10, 2013, the IOM Global Forum on Innovation in Health Professional Education held a workshop to explore the challenges, opportunities, and innovations in assessment across the education-to-practice continuum. Issues such as assessment of learners and educators of IPE and team-based care were discussed.
  • Microbial Ecology in States of Health and Disease - Workshop ... Released: February 18, 2014
    Investigations of microbial ecology in a variety of organisms and contexts have begun to illuminate the properties of host-associated microorganisms. These observations have revealed a complex and dynamic network of interactions across the spectrum of host, microbe, and environmental niches that may influence states of health and disease. Alterations in the composition and dynamics of the human microbiome have been associated with a variety of complex diseases — including such chronic conditions as cardiovascular disease, obesity, and inflammatory bowel diseases. This ecologically-informed view is a paradigm shift away from the conventional "one-microbe, one-disease" perspective of infection and may lead to new insights and approaches to health maintenance, disease prevention, and treatment methods in humans, animals, and plants. The IOM Forum on Microbial Threats held a public workshop in Washington, DC, to explore the scientific and therapeutic implications of microbial ecology in health and disease.
  • Elder Abuse and Its Prevention - Workshop Summary : Health ... Released: October 18, 2013
    Data suggests that one in 10 older adults in the United States experience physical, psychological, and sexual abuse, neglect, or financial exploitation. Elder abuse violates older adults’ fundamental rights to be safe and free from violence. With the global population of adults older than 60 expected to double to 1.2 billion by 2025, the number of older adults will exceed the number of children for the first time in history. Despite the growing magnitude of elder abuse, it has been an underappreciated public health problem. The IOM Forum on Global Violence Prevention held a workshop on elder abuse and its prevention to shed light on this underappreciated and often overlooked form of violence.
  • The Evidence for Violence Prevention Across the Lifespan ... Released: October 15, 2013
    Evidence shows that violence is not inevitable, but rather can be prevented through approaches that have demonstrated measureable effects in the reduction of violence. Successful and promising violence prevention programs exist that target different types of violence, including self-directed, interpersonal, and collective violence; however, the existing evidence base does not necessarily inform practice or policy making. Furthermore, gaps in the evidence base exist, particularly in the context of interventions in low- and middle-income countries. The IOM Forum on Global Violence Prevention held a workshop to explore the value and application of the evidence for violence prevention across the lifespan and around the world.
  • Establishing Transdisciplinary Professionalism for Improving ... Released: October 07, 2013
    In a time of rapidly changing environments and evolving technologies, health professionals and those who train them are being challenged to work beyond their traditional comfort zones and often in teams. A new professionalism might be a mechanism for achieving improved outcomes by applying a “transdisciplinary professionalism” throughout health care and wellness that emphasizes cross-disciplinary responsibilities and accountabilities. The IOM held a workshop to discuss how a shared understanding can be integrated into education and practice to promote a transdisciplinary model of professionalism. Participants in the workshop also explored the barriers to transdisciplinary professionalism as well as the impact of an evolving professional context on health system users, learners, and others within the health system.
  • Crisis Standards of Care: A Toolkit for Indicators and Triggers ... Released: July 31, 2013
    Disasters and public health emergencies can stress health care systems to the breaking point and disrupt delivery of vital medical services. Planning for these situations is necessary to provide the best possible health care during a crisis. The IOM’s reports on crisis standards of care contain key concepts, guidance, and practical resources to help actors across the emergency response system develop plans for crisis standards of care and response to a catastrophic disaster. This report examines indicators and triggers that guide the implementation of crisis standards of care and provides a discussion toolkit to help stakeholders establish indicators and triggers for their own communities.
  • Interprofessional Education for Collaboration: Learning How ... Released: May 13, 2013
    Over the last 100 years, much of the landscape has changed with regards to the health professions and the settings in which these professionals work. Due to societal shifts and technological innovations, changes to the health professions are underway in many parts of the world that call for new models for how health professionals are educated. The IOM Global Forum on Innovation in Health Professional Education held two workshops which set the stage for defining and understanding interprofessional education and provided living histories of speakers from around the world who shared experiences working in and between Interprofessional education and Interprofessional or collaborative practice.
  • The Science and Applications of Microbial Genomics ... Released: April 03, 2013
    Over the past several decades, new scientific tools and approaches for detecting microbial species have dramatically enhanced our understanding of the microbial flora and fauna and their dynamic interactions with the environments in which they reside. In June 2012, the IOM Forum on Microbial Threats convened a public workshop to discuss the scientific tools and approaches being used for detecting and characterizing microbial species, and the roles of microbial genomics and metagenomics to better understand the culturable and unculturable microbial world around us.