About Publications

Publications from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine provide objective and straightforward advice to decision makers and the public. This site includes Health and Medicine Division (HMD) publications released after 1998. A complete list of HMD’s publications from its establishment in 1970 to the present is available as a PDF.


  • Future Financial Economics of Health Professional Education ... Released: April 05, 2017
    The Government Accountability Office (GAO), World Health Organization (WHO), and the World Bank all agree that “an adequate, well-trained, and diverse health [care] workforce is essential for providing access to quality health [care] services.” However, according to the World Bank, efforts to scale up the supply of health workers are falling short. The resulting health workforce shortage affects people’s access to quality health care around the globe, and can result in untreated sickness, disability, and adverse economic consequences.
  • Integration of FDA and NIOSH Processes Used to Evaluate ... Released: February 01, 2017
    The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) have responsibilities for evaluating and regulating respiratory protective devices (RPDs) for health care workers. To provide input to NIOSH and FDA and to discuss potential next steps to integrate the two agencies’ processes to certify and approve N95 respirators for use in health care settings, a workshop was held by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (the National Academies).
  • Enhancing BioWatch Capabilities Through Technology and ... Released: December 05, 2016
    In response to the 2015 Government Accountability Office (GAO) report Biosurveillance: DHS Should Not Pursue BioWatch Upgrades or Enhancements Until System Capabilities Are Established, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) requested that the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine conduct a workshop to further explore the findings of the 2015 GAO report and discuss the impact these findings may have with regard to the future development of the technical capabilities of the BioWatch program.
  • Strengthening the workforce to Support Community Living and ... Released: November 22, 2016
    As the demographics of the United States shift toward a population that is made up of an increasing percentage of older adults and people with disabilities, the workforce that supports and enables these individuals is also shifting to meet the demands of this population. To better understand how the nation’s workforce can be strengthened to meet these demands, the Health and Medicine Division and the Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, convened a public workshop with support from multiple sponsors.
  • Implementation of Lung Cancer Screening: Proceedings of a ... Released: November 17, 2016
    Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related death in the United States; each year, more people die from lung cancer than from colon, breast, and prostate cancers combined. There has been a push to develop and implement screening strategies for the early detection of lung cancer. The National Lung Screening Trial evaluated the effectiveness of annual screening with low-dose computed tomography to reduce lung cancer mortality among individuals at high risk.
  • Exploring the Role of Accreditation in Enhancing Quality and ... Released: October 05, 2016
    The purpose of accreditation is to build a competent health workforce by ensuring the quality of training taking place within those institutions that have met certain criteria. Given the rapid changes in society, health, and health care, members of the Global Forum on Innovation in Health Professional Education elected to take on the topic of accreditation and to explore the effect of societal shifts on new and evolving health professional learning opportunities to best ensure quality education is offered by institutions regardless of the program or delivery platform.
  • Policy Issues in the Clinical Development and Use of ... Released: July 19, 2016
    To examine challenges in the development and implementation of immunotherapies into clinical practice and explore strategies to overcome them, the National Cancer Policy Forum of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine held the workshop “Policy Issues in the Clinical Development and Use of Immunotherapy for Cancer” on February 29 and March 1, 2016, in Washington, DC.
  • The Nation's Medical Countermeasure Stockpile ... Released: June 28, 2016
    The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine established a standing committee of experts to help inform decision making by CDC DSNS, including experts in state and local public health, medical countermeasure (MCM) production, warehouse and product distribution, logistics management, pharmaceutical supply chain modeling, emergency medical services, emergency medicine, risk communications, and FDA regulatory issues.
  • A National Trauma Care System: Integrating Military and ... Released: June 17, 2016
    A National Trauma Care System: Integrating Military and Civilian Trauma Systems to Achieve Zero Preventable Deaths After Injury, presents a vision for a national trauma care system driven by the clear and bold aim of zero preventable deaths after injury and minimal trauma-related disability to benefit those the nation sends into harm’s way in combat as well as every American.
  • Establishing an African Association for Health Professions ... Released: April 19, 2016
    Africa faces a severe shortage of human resources for health. Over the past 5 years, the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief, in partnership with the National Institutes of Health, has sought to address this problem by supporting health professional education and research in Africa through the Medical Education Partnership Initiative (MEPI) and the Nursing Education Partnership Initiative (NEPI).