Publications from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine provide objective and straightforward advice to decision makers and the public. This site includes Health and Medicine Division (HMD) publications released after 1998. A complete list of HMD’s publications from its establishment in 1970 to the present is available as a PDF.
Framing the Dialogue on Race and Ethnicity to Advance ...
Released: July 28, 2016
The Roundtable on Population Health Improvement held a workshop titled Framing the Dialogue on Race and Ethnicity to Advance Health Equity in which speakers shared strategies for individuals, organizations, and communities to advance racial and health equity.
Integrating Health Literacy, Cultural Competence, and ...
Released: July 18, 2016
To better understand how the dynamic forces operating in health care today impact the delivery of services in a way that is health literate, culturally competent, and in an appropriate language for patients and their families, the Roundtable on Health Literacy established an ad hoc committee to plan and conduct a public workshop on the integration of health literacy, cultural competence, and language access services.
Health Risks of Indoor Exposure to Particulate Matter ...
Released: July 06, 2016
The health effects of outdoor exposure to particulate matter (PM) are the subject of both research attention and regulatory action. Although much less studied to date, indoor exposure to PM—which can result from particles infiltrating from the outdoors and from various indoor sources including candles, cooking, and smoking—is gaining attention as a potential source of adverse health effects. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency recently commissioned the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine to hold a workshop examining what is known about indoor exposure to PM, examining sources of particles, their interaction with other elements of the indoor environment, exposure levels indoors, potential health concerns, ways to limit exposure, vulnerable populations, and means of communicating exposure risks and strategies to reduce exposures.
The Role of Business in Multisector Obesity Solutions ...
Released: June 29, 2016
n April 12, 2016, the Roundtable on Obesity Solutions convened a 1-day workshop in Washington, DC, to examine the role of the business sector in obesity solutions. The goal of the workshop was threefold: (1) explore why companies should be involved in obesity solutions and how to encourage them to do so; (2) identify reasons why businesses might be interested in being involved in obesity solutions; (3) identify ways in which business can be engaged in obesity solutions.
The Nation's Medical Countermeasure Stockpile ...
Released: June 28, 2016
The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine established a standing committee of experts to help inform decision making by CDC DSNS, including experts in state and local public health, medical countermeasure (MCM) production, warehouse and product distribution, logistics management, pharmaceutical supply chain modeling, emergency medical services, emergency medicine, risk communications, and FDA regulatory issues.
Assessing Prevalence and Trends in Obesity: Navigating the ...
Released: June 21, 2016
Accurate and meaningful estimates of prevalence and trends are fundamental to describing and understanding the scope of obesity. Policy makers, program planners, and other stakeholders search for and use reports relevant to their population(s) of interest to inform decision making. Interpreting and appropriately applying information derived from such reports, however, is challenging because of variations in methodologies and presentation that exist in the literature. In the report, Assessing Prevalence and Trends in Obesity: Navigating the Evidence, the committee offers a description of the landscape of the literature, a framework for assessing and interpreting published reports, and recommendations for improving future data collection efforts and filling data gaps.
Relevance of Health Literacy to Precision Medicine ...
Released: June 08, 2016
On March 2, 2016, the Roundtable on Health Literacy of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine convened a workshop to examine the relevance of health literacy to precision medicine, a growing field that takes into account individuals’ differences in genes, environments, and lifestyles. The workshop explored the intersection of health literacy and precision medicine through a number of topics, but its impetus was the Precision Medicine Initiative.
Obesity in the Early Childhood Years: State of the Science and ...
Released: June 01, 2016
To explore what is known about effective and innovative interventions to counter obesity in young children, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine’s Roundtable on Obesity Solutions held a workshop in Washington, DC, on October 6, 2015, titled Obesity in the Early Childhood Years: Emerging Science and Implementation of Promising Solutions. The workshop brought together leaders from many sectors to describe the science of early childhood obesity, from its prevalence and trends to the influence of epigenetics and sleep. Speakers and participants also explored risk factors for children, effective cross-sector solutions, and opportunities for interventions in the many settings where children live, learn, and play. This summary describes what was discussed at the workshop.
Health Literacy and Palliative Care: Workshop Summary ...
Released: May 20, 2016
To explore the relationship between palliative care and health literacy, and the importance of health literate communication in providing high-quality delivery of palliative care, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine’s Roundtable on Health Literacy convened this 1-day public workshop featuring presentations and discussions that examined the effect of low health literacy on all aspects of palliative care.
Applying an Implementation Science Approach to Genomic ...
Released: April 28, 2016
Recognizing the current challenges that may impede the integration of genomics into clinical practice, the Roundtable on Translating Genomic-Based Research for Health (now called the Roundtable on Genomics and Precision Health) hosted a workshop on November 19, 2015 to explore the methods and approaches of implementation science for their potential ability to improve the integration of genomics into medicine.