Publications from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine provide objective and straightforward advice to decision makers and the public. This site includes Health and Medicine Division (HMD) publications released after 1998. A complete list of HMD’s publications from its establishment in 1970 to the present is available as a PDF.
Relevance of Health Literacy to Precision Medicine ...
Released: June 08, 2016
On March 2, 2016, the Roundtable on Health Literacy of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine convened a workshop to examine the relevance of health literacy to precision medicine, a growing field that takes into account individuals’ differences in genes, environments, and lifestyles. The workshop explored the intersection of health literacy and precision medicine through a number of topics, but its impetus was the Precision Medicine Initiative.
Hearing Health Care for Adults: Priorities for Improving Access ...
Released: June 02, 2016
The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine convened an expert committee to study the accessibility and affordability of hearing health care for adults in the United States. Using a set of guiding principles to help shape its work, the committee recommends key institutional, technological, and regulatory changes that would enable consumers to find and fully use the appropriate, affordable, and high-quality services, technologies, and supports they need. The resulting report, Hearing Health Care for Adults: Priorities for Improving Access and Affordability, provides those recommendations.
Health Literacy and Palliative Care: Workshop Summary ...
Released: May 20, 2016
To explore the relationship between palliative care and health literacy, and the importance of health literate communication in providing high-quality delivery of palliative care, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine’s Roundtable on Health Literacy convened this 1-day public workshop featuring presentations and discussions that examined the effect of low health literacy on all aspects of palliative care.
The Promises and Perils of Digital Strategies in Achieving ...
Released: April 15, 2016
The Roundtable on the Promotion of Health Equity and the Elimination of Health Disparities held a workshop in October 2014 focusing on the use of digital health technologies to improve health outcomes for racial and ethnic minority populations, how community engagement can improve access to high-quality health information for members of these groups, and on models of successful technology-based strategies to reduce health disparities. This is a summary of the discussions from the workshop.
Eliminating the Public Health Problem of Hepatitis B and C in ...
Released: April 11, 2016
Viral hepatitis is the seventh leading cause of death in the world, killing more people than road traffic injuries, HIV and AIDS, or diabetes. Every year chronic viral hepatitis, of which hepatitis B and C are the most common forms, kills a million people, roughly 20,000 of them in the United States. These deaths could be prevented. Hepatitis B vaccine conveys 95 percent immunity, and new therapies for hepatitis C cure the vast majority of patients.
Systems Practices for the Care of Socially At-Risk Populations ...
Released: April 07, 2016
The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, acting through the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (ASPE), asked the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine to convene an ad hoc committee to identify social risk factors that affect the health outcomes of Medicare beneficiaries and methods to account for these factors in Medicare payment programs.
Veterans and Agent Orange: Update 2014 : Health and ...
Released: March 10, 2016
From 1962 to 1971, US military sprayed herbicides over Vietnam. Congress passed the Agent Orange Act of 1991 to address whether exposure to these herbicides contributed to long term health effects in Vietnam veterans. The legislation directed the Secretary of Veterans Affairs to request the IOM to perform a comprehensive evaluation of scientific and medical information regarding possible health effects of exposure to Agent Orange and other herbicides used in Vietnam or to TCDD and other chemicals in those herbicides. Veterans and Agent Orange: Update 2014 is the tenth and last congressionally mandated biennial update. The current update presents this committee’s review of peer-reviewed scientific reports relevant to this question that were published between October 1, 2012, and September 30, 2014, and its integration with the previously established evidence database.
Informing Social Security's Process for Financial Capability ...
Released: March 09, 2016
With support from SSA, the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine convened a committee to evaluate SSA’s capability determination process for adult beneficiaries with disabilities and provide recommendations for improving the accuracy and efficiency of the agency’s policy and procedures for making these determinations. In Informing Social Security’s Process for Financial Capability Determination, the committee presents a conceptual model for financial capability and reviews requisite abilities for managing or directing the management of benefits, methods and measures for assessing financial capability, the use of capacity assessment tools, and effects on the beneficiary of appointing a representative payee.
Speech and Language Disorders in Children: Implications for ...
Released: January 26, 2016
Over the past several decades, the number of children receiving SSI has risen overall, and the number receiving SSI on the basis of speech and language disorders has increased as well. The Social Security Administration requested that the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine convene a committee to identify trends in the prevalence of speech and language disorders among U.S. children and to compare those trends to changes observed in the population of children who receive SSI.
The Role of Public-Private Partnerships in Health Systems ...
Released: January 21, 2016
On June 25–26, 2015, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine Forum on Public–Private Partnerships for Global Health and Safety (PPP Forum) held a workshop on the role of public–private partnerships (PPPs) in health systems strengthening.