About Publications

Publications from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine provide objective and straightforward advice to decision makers and the public. This site includes Health and Medicine Division (HMD) publications released after 1998. A complete list of HMD’s publications from its establishment in 1970 to the present is available as a PDF.


  • Use of Dietary Supplements by Military Personnel : Health and ... Released: June 09, 2008
    The use of dietary supplements has become increasingly popular among members of the military. While some supplements may provide benefits to health, others could carry adverse effects that might compromise the readiness and performance of service members. The U.S. Department of Defense, the Samueli Institute, the National Institutes of Health (NIH), with additional support from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), requested that the Institute of Medicine (IOM) review the use of dietary supplements by military personnel, recommending a framework to identify the need for management of dietary supplement use within the military, and developing an approach to report adverse health events.
  • Violence Prevention in Low- and Middle-Income Countries ... Released: January 25, 2008
    The current state of science in violence prevention reveals progress, promise, and a number of remaining challenges. In order to fully examine the issue of global violence prevention, the Institute of Medicine in collaboration with Global Violence Prevention Advocacy, convened a workshop and released the workshop summary entitled, Violence Prevention in Low-and Middle-Income Countries.
  • Gulf War and Health: Volume 6. Physiologic, Psychologic, and ... Released: November 15, 2007
    This study comprehensively reviewed, evaluated, and summarized the peer-reviewed scientific and medical literature regarding the association between stress and long-term adverse health effects in Gulf War veterans, specifically the physiologic, psychologic, and psychosocial effects of stress.
  • Treatment of PTSD: An Assessment of The Evidence : Health ... Released: October 17, 2007
    At the request of the Department of Veterans Affairs, the Institute of Medicine’s Committee on Treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) undertook a systematic review of the PTSD literature. After nearly 2,800 abstracts were identified, the application of inclusion criteria narrowed the list down to 90 randomized clinical trials, 37 pharmacotherapy studies, and 53 psychotherapy studies. The principal finding of the committee is that the scientific evidence on treatment modalities for PTSD does not reach the level of certainty that would be desired for such a common and serious condition among veterans.
  • Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: Diagnosis and Assessment ... Released: June 16, 2006
    The committee found that PTSD is a well characterized medical disorder and that the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) criteria for diagnosing PTSD are evidence-based, widely accepted, and widely used. According to the committee’s report, PTSD should be diagnosed and assessed by a health professional with experience in diagnosing psychiatric disorders (e.g., primary care physicians, nurses, social workers) using the DSM-IV criteria.
  • A Study of Interactions: Emerging Issues in the Study of ... Released: March 22, 2006
    Summarizing the major themes discussed at a September 2005 workshop, this report provides an initial overview of key findings from different fields of research on adolescence and highlights fundamental processes that shape adolescent health and development.
  • Improving the Quality of Health Care for Mental and ... Released: November 01, 2005
    This report, Improving the Quality of Health Care for Mental and Substance-Use Conditions: Quality Chasm Series, examines those differences, finds that the Quality Chasm framework is applicable to health care for mental and substance-use conditions, and describes a multifaceted and comprehensive strategy to do so.
  • Nutrient Composition of Rations for Short-Term, High-Intensity ... Released: June 03, 2005
    This report reviews the unique circumstances of soldiers deployed in short-term, high intensity missions; by considering health concerns, food intake, energy expenditure, physical exercise and food technology issues, the report gives recommendations on the nutritional composition of daily rations for assault missions.
  • Reducing Underage Drinking: A Collective Responsibility ... Released: September 09, 2003
    Alcohol use by young people is extremely dangerous - both to themselves and society at large. Underage alcohol use is associated with traffic fatalities, violence, unsafe sex, suicide, educational failure, and other problem behaviors that diminish the prospects of future success, as well as health risks – and the earlier teens start drinking, the greater the danger. Reducing Underage Drinking: A Collective Responsbility, a joint report by the National Research Council and Institute of Medicine, addresses these questions and proposes a new way to combat underage alcohol use.
  • Reducing Suicide: A National Imperative : Health and ... Released: June 17, 2002
    Every year approximately 30,000 people die by suicide in the United States, and one million worldwide. Over the last 100 years, suicides have out-numbered homicides by at least 3 to 2. Concerned about high suicide rates, several federal agencies joined together to ask the Institute of Medicine to convene the Committee on Pathophysiology and Prevention of Adolescent and Adult Suicide to examine the state of the science base, gaps in our knowledge, strategies for prevention, and research designs for the study of suicide. The committee's report, Reducing Suicide: A National Imperative, explores what is known about the epidemiology, risk factors, and interventions for suicide and suicide attempts.