About Publications

Publications from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine provide objective and straightforward advice to decision makers and the public. This site includes Health and Medicine Division (HMD) publications released after 1998. A complete list of HMD’s publications from its establishment in 1970 to the present is available as a PDF.


  • An American Crisis: The Growing Absence of Black Men in ... Released: May 18, 2018
    Black men are increasingly underrepresented in medical schools and in the medical profession. Within this context, the Health and Medicine Division of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine and the W. Montague Cobb Institute jointly convened a 2-day workshop on November 20-21, 2017, in Washington, D.C.
  • Financing and Payment Strategies to Support High-Quality ... Released: May 16, 2018
    Those facing serious illness have a range of interconnected medical and non-medical needs, and the way their care is financed has a large impact on the care they receive. Medicare is the predominant payer, but both Medicaid and private payers also play significant roles in financing care for serious illness. In an effort to address the complex needs of people with serious illness, public and private health care payers are testing innovative financing strategies and alternative payment models.
  • Opportunities for Improving Programs and Services for ... Released: May 11, 2018
    Children with disabilities are highly diverse in terms of their health conditions, disability severity, and social environments, yet they share many of the same needs. To help meet these needs, many programs and services to enhance health and functioning of children with disabilities have been developed.
  • Improving Health Research on Small Populations ... Released: May 04, 2018
    The increasing diversity of population of the United States presents many challenges to conducting health research that is representative and informative. Dispersion and accessibility issues can increase logistical costs; populations for which it is difficult to obtain adequate sample size are also likely to be expensive to study. Hence, even if it is technically feasible to study a small population, it may not be easy to obtain the funding to do so. In order to address the issues associated with improving health research of small populations, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine convened a workshop in January 2018. Participants considered ways of addressing the challenges of conducting epidemiological studies or intervention research with small population groups, including alternative study designs, innovative methodologies for data collection, and innovative statistical techniques for analysis.
  • Global Harmonization of Methodological Approaches to ... Released: May 03, 2018
    The Food and Nutrition Board, in partnership with the Department of Nutrition for Health and Development of the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Nutrition Division of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) organized a workshop to explore questions about the uses of nutrient intake recommendations, the frameworks used for their development, the status of nutrient intake recommendations globally, and experiences and expertise in methodological approaches.
  • Long-Term Survivorship Care After Cancer Treatment ... Released: April 27, 2018
    To examine progress in cancer survivorship care since the consensus report From Cancer Patient to Cancer Survivor: Lost in Transition, the National Cancer Policy Forum held a workshop, “Long-Term Survivorship Care After Cancer Treatment” on July 24 and July 25, 2017, in Washington, DC. Workshop presentations and discussions highlighted potential opportunities to improve the planning, management, and delivery of cancer survivorship care.
  • Improving Health Professional Education and Practice ... Released: April 25, 2018
    The Global Forum on Innovation in Health Professional Education hosted a 1.5-day public workshop to explore gaps within education and across the continuum of health professional education to practice. The discussions looked at current and future technologies that could bridge the identified gaps in order to optimize health and education system performance and access in high-, middle-, and low-income regions.
  • Exploring Partnership Governance in Global Health ... Released: April 18, 2018
    Governance in public-private partnerships (PPPs) refers to the structures, processes, and practices for decision-making and for ultimately accomplishing the goal of the partnership. It defines the power structure of a PPP by establishing how and when decisions are made and who makes them, as well as how other stakeholders are represented in the process.
  • Identifying the Role of Violence and Its Prevention in the Post ... Released: April 06, 2018
    The post-2015 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) set out 17 specific goals and 169 associated targets across the social, economic, and environmental dimensions of sustainable development, all to be achieved by 2030. The SDGs include the prevention of violence and have several targets that address the underlying causes of violence as well as targets that address such risk factors as poverty, alcohol misuse, social protection, and justice.
  • Addressing the Social and Cultural Norms That Underlie the ... Released: April 06, 2018
    To better understand how social and cultural norms are related to violence and violence prevention, the Forum on Global Violence Prevention convened a workshop1on October 29–30, 2015, to explore the social and cultural norms that underlie the acceptance of violence, with a focus on violence against women across the lifespan, violence against children, and youth violence.