In 1998, the IOM began a series of congressionally-mandated studies to examine the scientific and medical literature on the potential health effects of chemical and biological agents related to the 1991 Gulf War.
Gulf War and Health: Volume 5. Infectious Disease, evaluates, and summarizes the peer-reviewed scientific and medical literature on long-term adverse human health effects associated with selected infectious diseases pertinent to Gulf War veterans. The infectious diseases include, but are not limited to, diseases caused by pathogenic Escherichia coli, shigellosis, leishmaniasis, and sandfly fever.
Previous reports in the IOM Gulf War and Health series include Gulf War and Health, Volume 1: Depleted Uranium, Pyridostigmine Bromide, Sarin, and Vaccines, Gulf War and Health, Volume 2: Insecticides and Solvents, Gulf War and Health: Updated Literature Review of Sarin, Gulf War and Health: Volume 3. Fuels, Combustion Products, and Propellants, and Gulf War and Health: Volume 4. Health Effects of Serving in the Gulf War.