Cognitive Rehabilitation Therapy for Traumatic Brain Injury: Model Study Protocols and Frameworks to Advance the State of the Science - Workshop Summary


Note: Proceedings contain the opinion of the presenters, but do NOT reflect the conclusions of the Health and Medicine Division or the National Academies. Learn more about the differences between Reports and Proceedings.

The 2011 IOM report, Cognitive Rehabilitation Therapy for Traumatic Brain Injury: Evaluating the Evidence, assessed the evidence for the effectiveness of using cognitive rehabilitation therapy (CRT) to treat people with traumatic brain injury (TBI). As the signature wound of the American military conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan, TBI has increasingly gained attention over the past 15 years. As one form of treatment for TBI, CRT is a systematic, goal-oriented approach to helping patients overcome cognitive impairments. The 2011 IOM report’s conclusions revolved around the fact that there is little continuity among research studies of the effectiveness of different types of CRT, and there exist only small amounts of evidence demonstrating the effectiveness of using CRT to treat TBI, though the small amount of evidence generally indicates that CRT interventions have some effectiveness.

In October 2012, the IOM held a workshop to discuss the barriers for evaluating the effectiveness of CRT care and for identifying suggested taxonomy, terminology, timing, and ways forward for CRT research. This document summarizes the workshop.