In 2008, NASA asked the IOM to assess the process for developing evidence reports that NASA has compiled on human health risks for long-duration and exploration space flights. The resulting IOM report, Review of NASA’s Human Research Program Evidence Books: A Letter Report, provided an initial and brief review of the evidence report.
Review of NASA’s Evidence Reports on Human Health Risks: 2013 Letter Report builds on the work of the 2008 letter report and examines three NASA evidence reports: Risk of Injury from Dynamic Loads; Risk of Spaceflight-induced Intracranial Hypertension/Vision Alterations; and Risk of Clinically Relevant Unpredicted Effects of Medication. NASA’s evidence reports represent the current state of knowledge for each of the defined human health and performance risks for long duration and exploration spaceflights.
Over the next five years, the IOM will issue five letter reports, evaluating more than 30 NASA evidence reports, in total, based on criteria supplied by NASA. Each year, NASA will identify a different set of evidence reports for the IOM committee to review, including reports related to behavior health and performance, human health countermeasures, radiation, human factors issues, and exploration medical capabilities. The IOM committee will hold an annual scientific workshop to receive input on the relevant set of evidence reports.