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The National Academies of Science, Engineering and Medicine at the request of the National Aeronautics & Space Administration (NASA) and with guidance from the National Academies’ Standing Committee on Aerospace Medicine and the Medicine of Extreme Environments, has established a committee to review NASA’s Evidence Reports on Human Health Risks. These evidence reports focus on human health risks for long-duration and exploration spaceflights. To review the eight NASA evidence reports that were examined in 2016, the National Academies assembled a 13-member committee with multidisciplinary expertise.
This 2016 letter report is fourth in a series of five National Academies’ reports that will review the more than 30 NASA evidence reports (IOM, 2014, 2015, 2016). This report examines the quality of the evidence, analysis, and overall construction of each evidence report; identifies existing gaps in report content; and provides suggestions for additional sources of expert input. This report also builds on the 2008 IOM report, Review of NASA’s Human Research Program Evidence Books: A Letter Report, which assessed the process for developing NASA’s evidence reports and provided an initial and brief review of NASA’s original evidence report.