Methodologies for Evaluating and Grading Evidence Considerations for Public Health Emergency Preparedness and Response: Proceedings of a Workshop—in Brief


Note: Proceedings contain the opinion of the presenters, but do NOT reflect the conclusions of the Health and Medicine Division or the National Academies. Learn more about the differences between Reports and Proceedings.

On July 26, 2018, the Committee on Evidence-Based Practices for Public Health Emergency Preparedness and Response held a 1-day workshop featuring two panel sessions to hear from experts in evidence synthesis and grading. Given the context-sensitive nature of public health emergency preparedness and response practices and their focus on systems and processes, the panels explored evidence assessment methodologies from a variety of disciplines that face similar challenges in identifying evidence-based practices. Experts from the fields of public health, medicine, transportation, education, and labor assembled to discuss what can be learned and potentially adapted from existing evidence-grading frameworks and criteria that can be used to assess the strength of evidence and inform practice recommendations. A second panel with additional experts from the fields of international development, aerospace medicine, and aviation safety explored how evidence generated from sources other than traditional research studies, including mechanistic evidence, modeling, expert judgment, case studies, and after action reports (AARs), has been used to inform recommendations and decision making.