News from the National Academies http://www.nationalacademies.org en-us News from the National Academies http://www.nationalacademies.org/site_assets/groups/nasite/documents/webgraphics/na_069845.gif http://www.nationalacademies.org NAE Elects 80 Members and 22 Foreign Members http://www.nae.edu/Projects/MediaRoom/20095/149240/149788.aspx The National Academy of Engineering has elected 80 new members and 22 foreign members, announced NAE President C.D. (Dan) Mote Jr. today. This brings the total U.S. membership to 2,275 and the number of foreign members to 232.Election to the National Academy of Engineering is among the highest professional distinctions accorded to an engineer. A list of the newly elected members and foreign members is available, with their primary affiliations at the time of election and a brief statement of their principal engineering accomplishments. Feb. 8, 2016 http://www.nae.edu/Projects/MediaRoom/20095/149240/149788.aspx Clinical Investigations of Mitochondrial Replacement Techniques Are 'Ethically Permissible' http://www8.nationalacademies.org/onpinews/newsitem.aspx?RecordID=21871 Conducting clinical investigations of mitochondrial replacement techniques (MRT) in humans is ethically permissible as long as significant conditions are met, says a new Academies report. One of those conditions, among many laid out in the report, is that initial MRT clinical investigations should be limited to women who are at risk of transmitting a severe mitochondrial genetic disease that could lead to a child's early death or substantial impairment. Read More
Feb. 3, 2016
http://www8.nationalacademies.org/onpinews/newsitem.aspx?RecordID=21871
Reducing the Use of Highly Enriched Uranium in Civilian Research Reactors http://www8.nationalacademies.org/onpinews/newsitem.aspx?RecordID=21818 Efforts to convert civilian research reactors from weapon-grade highly enriched uranium (HEU) to low enriched uranium (LEU) fuels are taking significantly longer than anticipated, says a congressionally mandated report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. The report calls for the federal government to take immediate steps to convert civilian research reactors currently using weapon-grade HEU fuel to a lower-enriched HEU fuel while awaiting the qualification of new LEU fuel. Additionally, the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy should develop a long-term strategy to evaluate future civilian needs for neutrons to meet U.S. science and technology objectives and how these could best be provided by research reactors and other sources. Read More
Jan. 28, 2016
http://www8.nationalacademies.org/onpinews/newsitem.aspx?RecordID=21818
Alan Alda to Receive Public Welfare Medal, Academy's Most Prestigious Award http://www.nasonline.org/news-and-multimedia/news/NASawards_AlanAlda.html The National Academy of Sciences is presenting its 2016 Public Welfare Medal to actor, director, writer, and science communicator Alan Alda in recognition of his "extraordinary application of the skills honed as an actor to communicating science on television and stage, and by teaching scientists innovative techniques that allow them to tell their stories to the public." The medal is the Academy's most prestigious award, established in 1914 and presented annually to honor extraordinary use of science for the public good. Read More
Jan. 27, 2016
http://www.nasonline.org/news-and-multimedia/news/NASawards_AlanAlda.html
Increase in the Number of Children Who Receive Federal Disability Benefits for Speech and Language Disorders Similar to Trends in the General Population http://www8.nationalacademies.org/onpinews/newsitem.aspx?RecordID=21872 The increase in the number of children from low-income families who are receiving federal disability benefits for speech and language disorders over the past decade parallels the rise in the prevalence of these disorders among all U.S. children, says a new report by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. The report's findings underscore the long-term and profound impact of severe speech and language disorders on children, as well as the degree to which children with such disorders can be expected to be a "significant presence" in the Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program. Read More
Jan. 26, 2016
http://www8.nationalacademies.org/onpinews/newsitem.aspx?RecordID=21872
New Report Finds Near-Term Update to Social Cost of Carbon Unwarranted http://www8.nationalacademies.org/onpinews/newsitem.aspx?RecordID=21898 There would not be sufficient benefit to updating estimates of the social cost of carbon (SCC) within a year based only on the revision of a specific parameter in the existing framework used by the government's interagency group to measure the SCC, says a new interim report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. The committee that is conducting the study and wrote the report considered whether a near-term change is warranted on the basis of updating the probability distribution for equilibrium climate sensitivity (ECS) -- a parameter that translates carbon dioxide emissions to global temperature change -- and that was updated by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change in its most recent Fifth Assessment Report (AR5). Because ECS is only one input to the framework used to estimate the SCC, updating the ECS alone may not significantly improve the estimates.
Jan. 26, 2016
http://www8.nationalacademies.org/onpinews/newsitem.aspx?RecordID=21898
Honoring Outstanding Achievement in Science http://www.nasonline.org/programs/awards/2016-nas-awards.html Since 1886, the National Academy of Sciences has honored outstanding scientific achievement through its awards program. NAS announced the 2016 winners of various awards this month.  Winners in Neuroscience and Psychological and Cognitive SciencesWinners in Physical, Earth, and Space Sciences Winners in Biological, Medical, and Agricultural Sciences
Jan. 21, 2016
http://www.nasonline.org/programs/awards/2016-nas-awards.html
K-12 Science Teachers Need Sustained Professional Learning Opportunities to Teach New Science Standards, Report Says http://www8.nationalacademies.org/onpinews/newsitem.aspx?RecordID=21836 As researchers' and teachers' understanding of how best to learn and teach science evolves and curricula are redesigned, many teachers are left without the experience needed to enhance the science and engineering courses they teach, says a new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. This issue is particularly pronounced in elementary schools and in schools that serve a high percentage of low-income students. The committee that conducted the study and wrote the report found a lack of coherent learning opportunities for science teachers across their careers and recommended changes to current systems for supporting teachers' professional development inside and outside the classroom. Read More
Jan. 20, 2016
http://www8.nationalacademies.org/onpinews/newsitem.aspx?RecordID=21836
Examining Barriers and Opportunities for STEM Degrees http://www.nap.edu/catalog/21739/barriers-and-opportunities-for-2-year-and-4-year-stem-degrees A new Academies report outlines the barriers faced by two- and four-year undergraduates who intend to major in STEM disciplines and opportunities for overcoming these barriers. The report provides research-based guidance to inform policies and programs that aim to attract and retain these students.
Jan. 14, 2016
http://www.nap.edu/catalog/21739/barriers-and-opportunities-for-2-year-and-4-year-stem-degrees
Socio-economic Status in Medicare Payment Programs http://www.nap.edu/catalog/21858/accounting-for-social-risk-factors-in-medicare-payment-identifying-social Recent health care payment reforms aim to better align Medicare payment strategies with the goal of improving the quality of care provided. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services asked the Academies to identify social risk factors that affect the health outcomes of Medicare beneficiaries and how to account for these factors in Medicare payment programs. The Academies' study will be conducted in phases and produce five consensus reports. The first report in this series, issued today, defines socio-economic position and identifies social factors -- such as race, health literacy, and limited English proficiency -- that have been shown to influence the health outcomes of Medicare beneficiaries.
Jan. 12, 2016
http://www.nap.edu/catalog/21858/accounting-for-social-risk-factors-in-medicare-payment-identifying-social
World's Largest Gathering of Transportation Professionals http://www8.nationalacademies.org/onpinews/newsitem.aspx?RecordID=01042016a At least 12,000 people from more than 70 countries -- including policymakers, administrators, practitioners, and researchers from government, industry, and academia -- are expected to attend the Transportation Research Board 95th Annual Meeting. The event is returning to the Walter E. Washington Convention Center in Washington, D.C., from Jan. 10-14, and will involve more than 5,000 presentations at over 800 sessions and workshops covering all transportation modes. Approximately 75 sessions will address one or more of three hot topics: transformation technologies, resilience, and transportation and public health.
Jan. 8, 2015
http://www8.nationalacademies.org/onpinews/newsitem.aspx?RecordID=01042016a