News from the National Academies RSS News Feed for The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine http://www.nationalacademies.org Copyright 2018 National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. en-us http://www.nationalacademies.org/site_assets/groups/nasite/documents/webgraphics/na_nasem_logo_footer.png News from the National Academies http://www.nationalacademies.org NAE Awards Grainger Foundation Frontiers of Engineering Grants https://www.nae.edu/MediaRoom/208549.aspx Two Grainger Foundation Frontiers of Engineering Grants of $30,000 each have been awarded to attendees of the National Academy of Engineering’s 2018 U.S. Frontiers of Engineering Symposium. The grants provide seed funding to enable further pursuit of important new interdisciplinary research and projects stimulated by the symposia. Read More Fri, 15 Mar 2019 11:00:00 EST Article 1 at nationalacademies.org Joint Statement on Need for International Framework on Heritable Genome Editing http://www8.nationalacademies.org/onpinews/newsitem.aspx?RecordID=3132019c In response to a commentary in Nature that calls for a moratorium on clinical uses of heritable genome editing and the establishment of an international governance framework, a statement by the presidents of the National Academy of Medicine, National Academy of Sciences, and the Royal Society says that the commentary "underscores the urgent need for an internationally accepted framework that addresses these complex scientific, ethical, and societal issues. "Toward that end, the U.S. National Academies and the Royal Society are leading an international commission to detail the scientific and the ethical issues that must be considered in planning any genome editing, and to define specific criteria and standards for evaluating whether proposed clinical trials or applications that involve germline editing should be permitted." Read More Wed, 13 Mar 2019 14:00:00 EST Article 2 at nationalacademies.org Russian and U.S. Academies Sign Agreement to Continue Cooperation http://www8.nationalacademies.org/onpinews/newsitem.aspx?RecordID=3132019 The president of the Russian Academy of Sciences and the presidents of NAS, NAE, and NAM have signed a five-year agreement to continue their cooperation on studies, workshops, and other activities in areas of mutual interest, marking 60 years of cooperation between the Russian and U.S. academies.Learn More Wed, 13 Mar 2019 12:00:00 EST Article 3 at nationalacademies.org NAS, NAE, and NAM Presidents Highlight Facts on Vaccine Safety in Light of Measles Outbreaks http://www8.nationalacademies.org/onpinews/newsitem.aspx?RecordID=03082019 The current measles outbreaks in the United States and elsewhere are being fueled by misinformation about the safety of vaccines. To help counter such misinformation, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine created a website that provides clear, concise, and evidence-based answers to questions about vaccine safety and other commonly asked questions about health and science. The evidence base includes a number of our studies examining vaccine access, safety, scheduling, and possible side effects. Our work has validated that the science is clear — vaccines are extremely safe. Read full message from the presidents Fri, 08 Mar 2019 11:00:00 EST Article 4 at nationalacademies.org 2018 Cozzarelli Prize Recipients Announced http://www.nasonline.org/news-and-multimedia/news/pnas-cozzarelli-2018.html The Editorial Board of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences has selected six papers published by PNAS in 2018 to receive the Cozzarelli Prize, an award that recognizes outstanding contributions to the scientific disciplines represented by the National Academy of Sciences. Papers were chosen from the more than 3,200 research articles that appeared in the journal last year. Thu, 07 Mar 2019 11:00:00 EST Article 5 at nationalacademies.org NAS President Testifies on Capitol Hill https://science.house.gov/legislation/hearings/maintaining-us-leadership-science-and-technology Marcia McNutt, president of the National Academy of Sciences, spoke to the U.S. House Science, Space, and Technology Committee about "Maintaining U.S. Leadership in Science and Technology." Committee's web page Read the formal testimony Wed, 06 Mar 2019 14:00:00 EST Article 6 at nationalacademies.org G20 Science Academies Release Statement on Threats to Coastal and Marine Ecosystems and Conservation of the Ocean Environment https://www.leopoldina.org/en/publications/detailview/publication/bedrohungen-fuer-kuesten-und-meeresoekosysteme-und-erhaltung-der-meeresumwelt-2019-1/ Representatives from the national academies of sciences of the G20 countries handed over recommendations for improving marine conservation to the Japanese Prime Minister Shinzō Abe today in Tokyo, for later consultation at this year's G20 summit. The statement was jointly drafted by the G20 National Academies of Sciences under the leadership of the Science Council of Japan. The G20 summit will take place on June 28 and 29 in Osaka, Japan. Wed, 06 Mar 2019 14:00:00 EST Article 7 at nationalacademies.org $2.5 Million in Grants Available to Advance Understanding and Prediction of Gulf of Mexico Loop Current http://www8.nationalacademies.org/onpinews/newsitem.aspx?RecordID=03062019 The Gulf Research Program of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine today announced a new funding opportunity to provide up to $2.5 million in grants to foster innovative approaches that support its ongoing efforts to improve understanding and prediction of the Gulf of Mexico Loop Current System. Read More Wed, 06 Mar 2019 11:00:00 EST Article 8 at nationalacademies.org Sodium and Potassium Dietary Reference Intake Values Updated in New Report; Introduces New Category for Sodium Based on Chronic Disease Risk Reduction http://www8.nationalacademies.org/onpinews/newsitem.aspx?RecordID=25353 A new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine reviews current evidence and updates intake recommendations known as the Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs) for sodium and potassium that were established in 2005. Dietary Reference Intakes for Sodium and Potassium revises the Adequate Intakes (AIs), which are the best estimate of intakes assumed adequate for apparently healthy individuals. The report reaffirms the sodium AI for individuals ages 14-50, decreases the sodium AIs for children age 1-13, increases the sodium AIs for adults ages 51 and older, and decreases the potassium AIs for individuals age 1 and older. The report also uses guidance from a 2017 National Academies report to introduce the first DRI specific to chronic disease risk reduction. Read More Tue, 05 Mar 2019 11:00:00 EST Article 9 at nationalacademies.org New Decadal Survey for the Social and Behavioral Sciences Presents Guidance to the Intelligence Community http://www8.nationalacademies.org/onpinews/newsitem.aspx?RecordID=25335 A new report by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine recommends that the U.S. Intelligence Community make sustained collaboration with researchers in the social and behavioral sciences a key priority as it develops research objectives for the coming decade. Read More Tue, 05 Mar 2019 11:00:00 EST Article 10 at nationalacademies.org Breakthrough Solutions and Technologies Needed to Speed Cleanup of U.S. Nuclear Weapons Sites http://www8.nationalacademies.org/onpinews/newsitem.aspx?RecordID=5338 A new report from the National Academies recommends changes in the way that the U.S. Department of Energy manages science and technology (S&T) development in order to accelerate the cleanup of radioactive waste and contaminated soil, groundwater, and facilities at U.S. nuclear weapons sites. A portion of DOE's technology development should focus on breakthrough solutions and technologies that can substantially reduce schedules, risks, and uncertainties in the cleanup, the report says. This effort should be managed by ARPA-E, a DOE division that has a record of investing in innovative solutions for complex technical challenges; it would require substantial new funding, along with a different model for managing research and stimulating innovation. Read More Mon, 04 Mar 2019 11:00:00 EST Article 11 at nationalacademies.org Child Poverty Rate Could Be Cut in Half in Next Decade Following Proposals in New Expert Report http://www8.nationalacademies.org/onpinews/newsitem.aspx?RecordID=25246 In light of the many costs generated by child poverty for the United States, a new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine provides evidence-based policy and program packages that could cut the child poverty rate by as much as 50 percent and increase employment and earnings among adults living in low-income families. Read More Thu, 28 Feb 2019 11:00:00 EST Article 12 at nationalacademies.org Improving EPA's Permitting Program for Industrial Stormwater Pollution http://www8.nationalacademies.org/onpinews/newsitem.aspx?RecordID=25355 A new report from the National Academies offers guidance to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency to inform the next revision of a permit program that requires industries to manage stormwater to minimize discharges of pollutants to the environment. The report recommends several ways that EPA can strengthen the Multi-Sector General Permit (MSGP) program to provide its intended environmental protection while balancing the overall burden of monitoring on industry. Read More Wed, 20 Feb 2019 11:00:00 EST Article 13 at nationalacademies.org Tenth Anniversary of Landmark Report on Forensic Science https://www.nap.edu/catalog/12589/strengthening-forensic-science-in-the-united-states-a-path-forward Ten years ago, Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine released Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States: A Path Forward. This landmark report stimulated a national discussion about the need to reform forensic science, fostered a re-evaluation of how forensic evidence is reported in court, prompted increased funding for forensic science research, and inspired reforms in practice and procedure for forensic science professionals. The report also led to re-examinations of forensic techniques that are frequently used in criminal investigations. Mon, 18 Feb 2019 09:00:00 EST Article 14 at nationalacademies.org National Academy of Sciences Elects Home Secretary and Councilors http://www.nasonline.org/news-and-multimedia/news/2019-council.html Susan R. Wessler, distinguished professor of genetics and Neil and Rochelle Campbell Presidential Chair for Innovation in Science Education, University of California, Riverside, has been re-elected as home secretary for the National Academy of Sciences. Wessler will continue to be responsible for the membership activities of the Academy during her third four-year term. In addition, four members have been elected to serve on the Academy's governing Council for three years. All terms begin July 1. The new councilors are: • Patricia Kuhl, co-director of the Institute for Learning and Brain Sciences and the Bezos Family Foundation Professor of Early Childhood Learning, University of Washington; • Richard E. Lenski, John Hannah Professor of Microbial Ecology, Michigan State University; • Sean C. Solomon, director, Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Columbia University; and • Ruth J. Williams, distinguished professor of mathematics and Charles Lee Powell Chair in Mathematics I, University of California, San Diego. Wed, 13 Feb 2019 12:00:00 EST Article 15 at nationalacademies.org Call for Creation of Research Policy Board http://www8.nationalacademies.org/onpinews/newsitem.aspx?RecordID=02112019 In a new Nature commentary, NAS President Marcia McNutt and several colleagues make the case for the creation of a U.S. advisory board for research integrity and quality, which would be "a central resource to which institutional leaders and other members of the scientific enterprise could turn for assistance in creating and sustaining cultures for reliable and efficient research." Read More Mon, 11 Feb 2019 10:00:00 EST Article 16 at nationalacademies.org National Academy of Engineering Elects 86 Members and 18 Foreign Members https://www.nae.edu/?id=204037 The National Academy of Engineering has elected 86 new members and 18 foreign members, announced NAE President C. D. (Dan) Mote, Jr., today. Election to the Academy is among the highest professional distinctions accorded to an engineer. Read More Thu, 07 Feb 2019 14:00:00 EST Article 17 at nationalacademies.org Partnerships Between NASA and Industry Can Support Lunar Exploration, Say Two New Reports http://www8.nationalacademies.org/onpinews/newsitem.aspx?RecordID=02072019 Renewed interest in exploration of the moon has the potential to benefit lunar science greatly and could evolve into a program facilitated by partnerships between commercial companies and NASA's Science Mission Directorate (SMD), say companion reports by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. However, the two reports find that the activities undertaken to date, although aligned with community consensus for lunar science priorities, do not replace missions recommended in the National Academies' most recent planetary science decadal survey and remain subject to many unknowns, such as the ability of standardized commercial lunar landers to interface with complex science payloads.Read More Thu, 07 Feb 2019 11:00:00 EST Article 18 at nationalacademies.org A Message from the Presidents of the NAS, NAE, and NAM http://www8.nationalacademies.org/onpinews/newsitem.aspx?RecordID=02032019a Marcia McNutt, C. D. Mote, Jr., and Victor Dzau share their outlook for the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine in 2019.Read More Mon, 04 Feb 2019 14:00:00 EST Article 19 at nationalacademies.org Agnes Kalibata to Receive Public Welfare Medal -- Academy's Most Prestigious Award http://www.nasonline.org/news-and-multimedia/news/agnes-kalibata-PWM.html The National Academy of Sciences is presenting its 2019 Public Welfare Medal to agricultural scientist, policymaker, and visionary leader Agnes Kalibata "for her work to drive Africa's agricultural transformation through modern science and effective policy, helping to lift more than a million Rwandans out of poverty and scaling impacts for millions more African farmers." The medal is the Academy's most prestigious award, established in 1914 and presented annually to honor extraordinary use of science for the public good."Agnes Kalibata has long championed science and evidence as the basis for practical agricultural policies that have transformed Rwanda to a model of prosperity and security," said Marcia McNutt, president of the National Academy of Sciences. "Her actions exemplify science as a powerful force for growth and well-being, and we are thrilled to present her with our highest award."Read More Mon, 28 Jan 2019 11:00:00 EST Article 20 at nationalacademies.org Academies' Climate Communications Initiative Releases Strategic Plan http://sites.nationalacademies.org/sites/climate/SITES_191032 The National Academies established the Climate Communications Initiative (CCI) last year to enable their extensive work on climate science, impacts, and response options to inform decision-makers and the public more effectively. A new strategic plan, which will guide the CCI's efforts going forward, has been developed by an external advisory committee, in cooperation with an Academies staff team. The advisory committee -- composed of experts in climate science, public and environmental health, science education, communication research and practice, brand strategy, industry, policy, and decision making -- will provide ongoing advice as the Academies implement the plan. Fri, 25 Jan 2019 13:00:00 EST Article 21 at nationalacademies.org Academy Honors 18 for Major Contributions to Science http://www.nasonline.org/news-and-multimedia/news/2019-nas-awards-recipients.html The National Academy of Sciences will honor 18 individuals with awards in recognition of their extraordinary scientific achievements in a wide range of fields spanning the physical, biological, and medical sciences. The awards will be presented at a ceremony on Sunday, April 28, during the National Academy of Sciences' 156th annual meeting. Read More Wed, 23 Jan 2019 11:00:00 EST Article 22 at nationalacademies.org