The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine
Office of Congressional and government Affairs
At A Glance

Short Summaries of National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine Studies Within Public Laws by Congressional Session

The following is a list of congressionally requested National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine studies summarized from the legislative language. For the actual language, click on the title of the Public Law.

Select Congress/Session: 116-1 | 115-2 | 115-1 | 114-2 | 114-1 | 113-2 | 113-1 | 112-2 | 112-1 | 111-2 | 111-1 | 110-2 | 110-1 | 109-2 | 109-1 | 108-2 | 108-1 | 107-2 | 107-1 | 106-2 | 106-1 | 105-2 | 105-1
Public Law 105- 33 - Balanced Budget Act of 1997
  • Analyze the expansion or modification of preventive or other benefits provided to medicare beneficiaries under title XVIII of the Social Security Act (completed)
  • Conduct a study of the payments under part B of title XVIII of the Social Security Act for clinical laboratory tests (completed)
  • Analyze whether the quality assurance programs and accreditation standards applicable to managed care entities operating in the private sector or under contract under the Medicare program include consideration of the accessibility and quality of health care items and services such entities deliver to low-income individuals (completed)
  • Conduct a study of Early and Periodic Screening, Diagnostic and Treatment (EPSDT) services
Public Law 105- 65 - Departments of Veterans Affairs and Housing and Urban Development, and Independent Agencies Appropriations Act of 1998
  • Develop a comprehensive, prioritized, near- and long-term particulate matter research program and monitoring plan
  • Evaluate, in terms of the potential impact on the Space Station's assembly schedule, budget, and capabilities, the engineering challenges posed by extravehicular activity (EVA) requirements (completed)
  • Conduct a study of the effectiveness of the Environmental Protection Agency's inspection and maintenance programs (completed)
  • Evaluate the availability, effectiveness, costs, and effects of technologies for the remediation of sediments contaminated with polychlorinated biphenyls, including dredging and disposal (completed)
Public Law 105- 66 - Department of Transportation and Related Agencies Appropriations Act of 1998
  • Provide annual reviews of the research and development plans and programs of the Federal Railroad Administration (ongoing)
Public Law 105- 78 - Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education Appropriations Act of 1998
  • Conduct a study of the policies and process used by the National Institutes of Health to determine funding allocations for biomedical research (completed)
  • Conduct a feasibility study to determine if an equivalency scale can be developed that would allow test scores from commercially available standardized tests and State assessments to be compared with each other and the National Assessment of Educational Progress (completed)
  • Evaluate all test items developed or funded by a federal agency to determine their quality, validity, adequacy, and freedom from bias; whether they address the needs of disadvantaged, disabled, or limited-English students; and whether tests can be used for tracking the graduation or promotion of students
  • Conduct a study on appropriate methods, practices, and safeguards to ensure that (1) existing and new tests that are used to assess student performance are not used in a discriminatory manner or inappropriately for student promotion, tracking or graduation; and (2) existing and new tests adequately assess student reading and mathematics comprehension in the form most likely to yield accurate information regarding student achievement of reading and mathematic skills (completed)
  • Study the effects of televised alcohol advertising on youth alcohol consumption
  • Conduct an evaluation of welfare reform outcomes (completed)
Public Law 105- 85 - National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1998
  • Conduct an assessment of the chemical non-stockpile materiel project which includes chemical agent identification kits, plans for disposal of the kits, and the potential changes in policy and disposal alternatives that could reduce the cost of the program without reducing overall safety (completed)
Public Law 105- 86 - Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act of 1998
  • Conduct a study on the scientific and organizational needs for an effective food safety system, including functions overseen by the Food Safety and Inspection Service, the Food and Drug Administration, and other Federal, state and local agencies with responsibilities for food safety (completed)
Public Law 105-115 - Food and Drug Administration Modernization Act of 1997
  • Conduct a study of the scientific issues raised as a result of an amendment to the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act and the Food Health Service Act regarding dissemination of written information on the safety, effectiveness, or benefit of new uses for a drug or device
  • Conduct a study of the effect on humans of the use of elemental, organic, or inorganic mercury as a drug or dietary supplement
Public Law 105-119 - Departments of Commerce, Justice, and State, the Judiciary and Related Agencies Appropriations Act of 1998
  • Provide advice on the most effective techniques and technologies to block children from receiving pornographic images via the Internet (See P.L. 105-314)
  • Study the role of marine sanctuaries in marine resource conservation, as well as the usefulness of marine reserves, including their impacts on water quality and the abundance of living marine resources (completed)
  • Conduct a study of fisheries resources of summer flounder (completed)