The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine
Office of Congressional and government Affairs
At A Glance

Short Summaries of National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine Studies Within Public Laws by Congressional Session

The following is a list of congressionally requested National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine studies summarized from the legislative language. For the actual language, click on the title of the Public Law.

Select Congress/Session: 116-1 | 115-2 | 115-1 | 114-2 | 114-1 | 113-2 | 113-1 | 112-2 | 112-1 | 111-2 | 111-1 | 110-2 | 110-1 | 109-2 | 109-1 | 108-2 | 108-1 | 107-2 | 107-1 | 106-2 | 106-1 | 105-2 | 105-1
Public Law 109- 54 - Department of the Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2006
  • Evaluate some of the ongoing dredging projects underway at Superfund mega sites (completed)
Public Law 109- 58 - Energy Policy Act of 2005
  • Study the short- and long-term availability of skilled workers to meet the energy and mineral security requirements of the United States (completed)
  • Study the supply and demand of medical isotopes, not involving highly enriched uranium (completed)
  • Conduct a study of industrial, research, and commercial uses for radiation sources (completed)
  • Study the feasibility of converting motor vehicle trips to bicycle trips
  • Every four years, review the Department of Energy's R&D program on technologies relating to the production, purification, distribution, storage, and use of hydrogen energy, fuel cells, and related infrastructure outlined in Section 805 of this Act.
  • Every four years, review the demonstration projects outlined in Section 808 and consistent with "Title VIII--Hydrogen" of this Act, and the Department of Energy's determination of the maturity, cost-effectiveness, and environmental impacts of technologies supporting each project.
  • Conduct periodic reviews of the Next Generation Lighting Initiative
  • Study the progress made under the methane hydrate R&D program implemented under this Act and make recommendations for future methane hydrate R&D needs (completed)
  • Review the plan for the participation of U.S. scientists in the international burning plasma fusion research project (ITER) and/or the plan for implementing a domestic burning plasma experiment such as the Fusion Ignition Research Experiment (completed)
  • Review the catalysis research program (completed)
  • Review the research plan for the systems biology program
  • Conduct periodic reviews and assessments of the Department of Energy’s research, development, demonstration, and commercial application programs in energy efficiency, renewable energy, nuclear energy, and fossil energy; the measurable cost and performance-based goals for the programs as established under Section 902 of this Act; and the progress on meeting these goals
  • Define and evaluate the external costs and benefits associated with the production and consumption of energy that are not fully incorporated into the market price of such energy, or into the Federal tax or fee or other applicable revenue measure related to such production or consumption (See also P.L. 110-161 for appropriations) (completed)
  • Examine whether the goals of energy efficiency standards are best served by measurement of energy consumed and efficiency improvements at the actual site of energy consumption or through the full fuel cycle (completed)
  • Study the effect of coal bed natural gas production on surface and ground water resources, including ground water aquifers in Montana, Wyoming, Colorado, New Mexico, North Dakota, and Utah (completed)
  • Determine the effect that electrical contaminants (such as tin whiskers) may have on the reliability of energy production systems, including nuclear energy
  • Conduct a study that provides a budget roadmap for the development of fuel cell technologies and the transition from petroleum to hydrogen in a significant percentage of the vehicles sold by 2020 (completed)
  • Conduct a study to assess the implications on energy use and efficiency of land development patterns in the United States (completed)
  • Study the potential of developing wind, solar, and ocean energy resources on Federal land and the outer Continental Shelf; assess any Federal law relating to their development; and recommend statutory and regulatory mechanisms for developing them
Public Law 109- 59 - Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users (SAFETEA-LU)
  • Review the research, design, methodology, and implementation of a study by the Department of Transportation to collect on-scene motor vehicle collision data and to determine crash causation
  • Study and evaluate the value major public transportation systems in the United States provide to the nation's security and the ability of such systems to accommodate the evacuation, egress or ingress of people to or from critical locations in times of emergency (completed)
  • Review the details of the Department of Transportation’s five year transportation R&D strategic plans to guide Federal transportation R&D activities (completed)
  • Establish an advisory committee to recommend a research agenda for, and support and carry out administrative and management activities related to the governance of, a national cooperative freight transportation research program (some reports completed; task ongoing)
  • Establish and carry out the future strategic highway research program (F-SHRP) (The report requested in support of this mandate has been completed.)
  • Develop and publish a national transportation information needs assessment
  • Review the Department of Transportation's study plan, methodology, and any associated conclusions regarding whether a transportation program or project will have a de minimis impact on parks, recreation areas, wildlife and waterfowl refuges, and historic sites (completed)
  • Carry out the nine research projects called for in the Transportation Research Board’s 2005 Special Report 283 entitled “Cooperative Research for Hazardous Materials Transportation: Defining the Need, Converging on Solutions” (some reports completed; task ongoing)
  • Conduct a study of the nation’s railroad transportation system since the enactment of the Staggers Rail Act of 1980 (completed)
Public Law 109- 97 - Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2006
  • Conduct a comprehensive report on the economic development and current status of the sheep industry in the United States (completed)
Public Law 109-108 - Science, State, Justice, Commerce, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2006
  • Create an independent Forensic Science Committee to analyze and assess the resources, needs, best practices, potential advances, role in homeland security, and other issues of the forensic science and legal community outside of the area of DNA (completed)
  • Craft a prize or categories of prizes in the area of innovation inducement that would be of an appropriate scale and develop the rules and conditions for awarding prizes (completed)
Public Law 109-115 - Transportation, Treasury, Housing and Urban Development, the Judiciary, the District of Columbia, and Independent Agencies Appropriations Act, 2006
  • Evaluate the Department of Housing and Urban Development’s current research plan and provide a set of options and recommendations on the future course of research needed to address technology, engineering and social or economic issues (completed)
Public Law 109-149 - Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2006
  • Review and provide guidance on appropriate outcomes and assessments for young children in Head Start (completed)
Public Law 109-155 - National Aeronautics and Space Administration Authorization Act of 2005
  • At 5-year intervals, review and assess the performance of each division in the Science directorate of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (first in a series completed)
  • Assess the future requirements for fundamental aeronautics research and whether the Nation will have a skilled research workforce and facilities commensurate with those requirements (completed)
  • Assess Federal wake turbulence research and development programs (See also P.L. 108-176) (completed)
  • Review and evaluate the National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s precollege science, technology, and mathematics education program (completed)