The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine
Office of Congressional and government Affairs
At A Glance

Short Summaries of National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine Studies Within Public Laws by Congressional Session

The following is a list of congressionally requested National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine studies summarized from the legislative language. For the actual language, click on the title of the Public Law.

Select Congress/Session: 116-1 | 115-2 | 115-1 | 114-2 | 114-1 | 113-2 | 113-1 | 112-2 | 112-1 | 111-2 | 111-1 | 110-2 | 110-1 | 109-2 | 109-1 | 108-2 | 108-1 | 107-2 | 107-1 | 106-2 | 106-1 | 105-2 | 105-1
Public Law 110- 69 - America Creating Opportunities to Meaningfully Promote Excellence in Technology, Education & Science (America Competes) Act
  • Conduct a study to identify and review methods to mitigate new forms of risk for businesses, beyond conventional operational and financial risk, that affect the ability to innovate
  • Study how the Federal Government should support, through research, education, and training, the emerging management and learning discipline known as “service science”
  • Not later than five years after, and ten years after, the date of enactment of this … [Act], assess the performance of the science, engineering, and mathematics education programs of the Department of Energy
  • Review the performance of the distributed, multidisciplinary institutes, established and centered at National Laboratories, to apply fundamental science and engineering discoveries to technological innovations
  • Four years into its operation, conduct an evaluation of how well the Advanced Research Projects Agency – Energy (ARPA-E) is achieving its goals and mission (completed)
  • Establish an expert panel to identify promising practices for improving teaching and student achievement in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics in kindergarten through grade 12 and examine and synthesize the scientific evidence pertaining to the improvement of teaching and learning in these fields
  • Report on the barriers to, and identify strategies for, increasing the number of underrepresented minorities in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics fields and workforce (completed)
  • Conduct a study of the mechanisms and supports needed for an institution of higher education or nonprofit organization to develop and maintain a program to provide free access to online educational content as part of a degree program, especially in science, technology, engineering, mathematics, or foreign languages, without using Federal funds, including funds provided under title IV of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1070 et seq.)
Public Law 110- 85 - Food and Drug Administration Amendments Act of 2007
  • Review and assess the pediatric studies conducted pursuant to Sec. 505B., Research Into Pediatric Uses for Drugs and Biological Products, or precursor regulations since 1997 and labeling changes made as a result of such studies (completed)
  • Review the written requests made and the studies conducted pursuant to Sec. 505A., Pediatric Studies of Drugs (completed)
Public Law 110-114 - Water Resources Development Act of 2007
  • Conduct a peer review for those project studies subject to a review as described in subsection (a), Section 2034, of this Act, which may include the economic and environmental assumptions and projections, project evaluation data, economic, environmental, and engineering analyses, formulation of alternative plans, methods for integrating risk and uncertainty, models used in evaluation of economic or environmental impacts of proposed projects, and any biological opinions of the project study (Not completed by the above listed report.)
Public Law 110-140 - Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007
  • Evaluate vehicle fuel economy standards, updating the initial report every five years through 2025
  • Evaluate medium-duty and heavy-duty truck fuel economy standards (completed)
  • Assess the impact of the requirements described in section 211(o) of the Clean Air Act on each industry relating to the production of feed grains, livestock, food, forest products, and energy (completed)
  • Produce both an initial review and an updated report on the status of advanced solid state lighting research, development, demonstration and commercialization (completed)
  • Five years after enactment of this Act, assess the Department of Energy's performance in carrying out Section 641, entitled the “United States Energy Storage Competitiveness Act of 2007”
  • Review and provide oversight for the Carbon Capture and Sequestration Research, Development, and Demonstration Programs under Section 963 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 and as amended by Sections 702 and 703 of this Act
  • Conduct a study that defines an interdisciplinary program, on the undergraduate and graduate level, in geology, engineering, hydrology, environmental science, and related disciplines that will support the Nation’s capability to capture and sequester carbon dioxide from anthropogenic sources, and develop guidelines for proposals from colleges and universities with substantial capabilities in the required disciplines
Public Law 110-143 - Methamphetamine Remediation Research Act of 2007
  • Study the status and quality of research on the residual effects of methamphetamine laboratories
Public Law 110-161 - Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2008
  • Establish the Climate Change Study Committee to study issues relating to global climate change and make recommendations regarding what steps must be taken and what strategies adopted in response, including the science and technology challenges (completed)
  • Study the gaps in public health protection provided by the food safety system (completed)
  • Conduct a study relating to the investment of intangible assets (completed)
  • Conduct a study on methods for collecting data regarding the status of the U.S. economy and determine whether the current data results in an overstatement of economic growth, domestic manufacturing output, and productivity
  • Initiate a study on acidification of the oceans (See also P.L. 109-479) (completed)
  • Establish an independent project review of NASA’s major programs
  • Assess NASA’s research and analysis activities (completed)
  • Prepare a report on technology development for advanced Radioisotope Power Systems (RPS) devices (completed)
  • Conduct a study and make recommendations on the optimal approach regarding the Arecibo Observatory (completed)
  • Conduct a decadal survey of life and physical sciences research in microgravity and partial gravity to establish priorities for research for the 2010-2020 decade (completed)
  • Support the International Institute for Advanced Systems Analysis’s Global Energy Assessment
  • Review the Homeland Security Department’s approach to measuring risk, including the feasibility of combining terrorist threats and natural disasters within a single risk analysis (completed)
  • Evaluate the effectiveness of BioWatch, including the reliability of monitoring data and the ability of hospitals and public health officials to respond based on information received from those systems (completed)
  • Assist the Secretary of Homeland Security in certifying the Advanced Spectroscopic Portal (ASP) systems (completed)
  • Examine and make recommendations to reduce dietary sodium intake to levels recommended by the Dietary Guidelines for Americans (completed)
  • Conduct a comprehensive review of the status of women’s health research (completed)
  • Evaluate the effectiveness of NASA’s Institute for Advanced Concepts (NIAC) in meeting its mission (completed)
  • Recommend innovative approaches to educate and train scientists and users of Earth observations and applications and to assist in training students
  • Analyze how the Design Basis Threat is formulated, including funding requests, and build a “probabilistic risk assessment” tool (completed)
  • Develop and monitor implementation of a comprehensive, prioritized research roadmap for all Federal agencies on environmental, health and safety issues for nanotechnology (completed)