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The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, Medicine
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Reports on Education


The Academies have produced dozens of reports to guide educators and policymakers in improving science, technology, mathematics, and engineering instruction at all grade levels -- from preschool through graduate school. A selection of these reports follows.

Early Childhood

Eager to Learn: Educating Our Preschoolers
This report synthesizes the newest research findings on how children between the ages of two and five begin the learning process, and offers valuable conclusions and recommendations on the organization and content of curriculum, meeting the needs of children most at risk of school failure, teacher preparation, and more.

Early Childhood Assessment: Why, What, and How
Identifies the important outcomes for children from birth to age 5 and the quality and purposes of different techniques and instruments for developmental assessments.

From Neurons to Neighborhoods: The Science of Early Childhood Development
Presents the evidence about "brain wiring" and how kids learn to speak, think, and regulate their behavior. The report examines the effects of the climate -- family, child care, community -- within which the child grows.

Mathematical and Scientific Development in Early Childhood -- A Workshop Summary
Summarizes a workshop that explored research on young children's capacity to learn about math and science, along with ways to move those findings into classroom practice.

Mathematics Learning in Early Childhood: Paths Toward Excellence and Equity
This report urges preschools to devote more time to mathematics instruction, and explains "teaching-learning paths" -- sequences of lessons that build on one another -- that early childhood educators and curriculum developers should use.

Starting Out Right: A Guide to Promoting Children's Reading Success
This report discusses how best to help children succeed in reading. The book includes 55 activities to help children become successful readers, a list of recommended children's books, and a guide to CD-ROMs and websites.

Grades K-12

Adding it Up: Helping Children Learn Mathematics
Explores how students in pre-K through eighth grade learn mathematics and says how teaching, curricula, and teacher education should change to improve mathematics learning during these critical years.

America's Lab Report: Investigations in High School Science
Observing that most lab experiences for U.S. high school students are poor, this report explains how educators can improve lab instruction.

Common Standards in K-12 Education? Considering the Evidence -- Summary of a Workshop Series
Provides an objective look at the available evidence regarding the ways in which standards are currently functioning, the strategies that might be used to pursue common standards, and the issues that doing so might present.

Engaging Schools: Fostering High School Students' Motivation to Learn
Discusses what changes hold the greatest promise for increasing students' motivation to learn. Examples of innovative schools, classrooms, and out-of-school programs that have proved successful in getting high school kids excited about learning are included.

Engineering in K-12 Education: Understanding the Status and Improving the Prospects
Recommends that engineering education be incorporated into grades K-12, and evaluates 15 specific engineering curricula.

A Framework for K-12 Science Education
A new framework for K-12 science education that identifies the key scientific ideas and practices all students should learn by the end of high school. The framework will serve as the foundation for new K-12 science education standards, to replace those issued more than a decade ago.

Helping Children Learn Mathematics
Provides comprehensive and reliable information that will guide efforts to improve school mathematics from pre-kindergarten through eighth grade.

How People Learn: Brain, Mind, Experience, and School -- Expanded Edition
Examines research about the mind and the brain to inform how teachers and schools can help children learn most effectively.

High Stakes: Testing for Tracking, Promotion, and Graduation
This report will be of interest to anyone concerned about the long-term implications for individual students of high-stakes testing: policymakers, education administrators, test designers, teachers, and parents.

Knowing What Students Know: The Science and Design of Educational Assessment
Explains how expanding knowledge in the scientific fields of human learning and educational measurement can form the foundations of an improved approach to assessment. Implications for policy, practice, and research are also explored.

Learning Science Through Computer Games and Simulations
Considers the potential of digital games and simulations to contribute to learning science in schools, in informal settings, and everyday life.

Preparing Teachers: Building Evidence for Sound Policy
This report addresses the issue of teacher preparation with specific attention to reading, mathematics, and science.

Ready, Set, Science! Putting Research to Work in K-8 Science Classrooms
A guide for teachers and science specialists that shows how to put findings from Taking Science to School into practice.

State Assessment Systems: Exploring Best Practices and Innovation -- Summary of Two Workshops
This book summarizes two workshops convened to collect information and perspectives on assessment in order to help state officials and others as they review current assessment practices and consider improvements.

Systems for State Science Assessment
In addition to offering important information for states, this report provides policymakers, local schools, teachers, scientists, and parents with a broad view of the role of testing and assessment in science education.

Taking Science to School: Learning and Teaching Science in Grades K-8
Recommends that the next generation of science standards and curricula center on a few core ideas and expand on them each year over grades K-8. The report also explains four principles or "strands" that should guide science education in these grades.

Higher Education

BIO2010: Transforming Undergraduate Education for Future Research Biologists
Recommends that undergraduate biology courses be updated to include recent advances in mathematics, physics, chemistry, computer science, and engineering, so that interdisciplinary thinking becomes second nature for students.

On Being a Scientist: A Guide to Responsible Conduct in Research, Third Edition
Offers graduate students and early-career researchers guidance on conducting research responsibly and avoiding misconduct. Through case studies and discussion, the report helps readers consider questions such as how to allocate credit for research, how to recognize conflicts of interest, and what to do if errors are discovered.

Promising Practices in Undergraduate Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Education -- Summary of Two Workshops
The workshops addressed such topics as the link between learning goals and evidence; promising practices at the individual faculty and institutional levels; classroom-based promising practices; and professional development for graduate students, new faculty, and veteran faculty.

Transforming Agriculture Education for a Changing World
Recommends that the U.S. higher education system reshape agriculture education to focus on the reality of issues facing the world's food production and agriculture systems, such as increasing demands for both food and biofuels.