Publications from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine provide objective and straightforward advice to decision makers and the public. This site includes Health and Medicine Division (HMD) publications released after 1998. A complete list of HMD’s publications from its establishment in 1970 to the present is available as a PDF.
Nutrition Standards for Foods in Schools: Leading the Way ...
Released: April 23, 2007
In response to growing concerns over obesity, national attention has focused on the need to establish school nutrition standards and limit access to competitive foods. Congress directed the CDC to undertake a study with the Institute of Medicine (IOM) to review and make recommendations about appropriate nutritional stands for the availability, sale, content and consumption of foods at school, with attention to competitive foods.
Global Environmental Health in the 21st Century: From ...
Released: February 21, 2007
Global regulatory standards will always be a major driver in the field of environmental health, but there is a growing understanding of the value of voluntary standards to fill in gaps or to work in concert with formal regulations. The Roundtable on Environmental Health Sciences, Research, and Medicine held a workshop to examine some of the issues surrounding the impact international regulations and corporate social responsibility (CSR) has on environmental health.
Seafood Choices: Balancing Benefits and Risks : Health and ...
Released: October 13, 2006
Seafood is a widely available, nutrient-rich food that provides high quality protein, low in saturated fat and rich in polyunsaturated fats, and particularly the omega-3 fatty acids eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosapentaenoic acid (DHA). The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) asked the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies to review evidence on the benefits and risks associated with seafood consumption to help consumers make informed choices and to make recommendations on ways to guide U.S. consumers in making appropriate selections. Additional support has been provided by the Food and Drug Administration.
Addressing Foodborne Threats to Health: Policies, Practices ...
Released: September 15, 2006
Foodborne agents have been estimated to cause approximately 76 million illnesses, 325,000 hospitalizations, and 5,200 deaths in the United States each year. In order to examine issues critical to the protection of the nation’s food supply, the Institute of Medicine’s Forum on Microbial Threats hosted a public workshop on October 25 and 26, 2005, in Washington, D.C. to explore existing knowledge and unanswered questions on the nature and extent of foodborne threats to health.
Progress in Preventing Childhood Obesity: How Do We ...
Released: September 13, 2006
The Institute of Medicine’s (IOM) Committee on Progress in Preventing Childhood Obesity report, Progress in Preventing Childhood Obesity: How Do We Measure Up?, examines the progress made by obesity prevention initiatives in the United States over the past two years. The report builds on the IOM's 2005 report, Preventing Childhood Obesity: Health in the Balance, which was a congressionally mandated study that provided a blueprint to guide concerted actions for many stakeholders--including government, industry, media, communities, schools, and families--to collectively respond to the growing obesity epidemic in children and youth.
Hearing Loss Research at NIOSH: Reviews of Research ...
Released: August 29, 2006
Occupational hearing loss is a serious concern for many workers, although the number affected or at risk is uncertain. In conjunction with a request from the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) for National Academies reviews of up to 15 of its research programs, an Institute of Medicine (IOM) committee reviewed the NIOSH Hearing Loss Research Program.
Asbestos: Selected Cancers : Health and Medicine Division
Released: June 06, 2006
This Institute of Medicine committee was charged with evaluating the evidence relevant to the causation of cancers of the pharynx, larynx, esophagus, stomach, and colon and rectum by asbestos and with judging whether the evidence is sufficient to infer a causal association.
Globalization, Biosecurity, and the Future of the Life Sciences ...
Released: April 10, 2006
Biomedical advances have made it possible to identify and manipulate features of living organisms in useful ways -- leading to improvements in public health, agriculture, and other areas. However, coordinated global efforts are needed to reduce the growing risk that new advances in these areas will be used to make novel biological weapons or misused by careless groups and individuals. The report recommends multidisciplinary measures to identify and mitigate such dangers over the next five to 10 years.