About Publications

Publications from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine provide objective and straightforward advice to decision makers and the public. This site includes Health and Medicine Division (HMD) publications released after 1998. A complete list of HMD’s publications from its establishment in 1970 to the present is available as a PDF.


  • Developing a 21st Century Neuroscience Workforce ... Released: April 21, 2015
    Given the changing landscape resulting from technological advances and the growing importance of interdisciplinary and collaborative science, the Institute of Medicine’s (IOM’s) Forum on Neuroscience and Nervous System Disorders convened a workshop on October 28 and 29, 2014, in Washington, DC, to explore future workforce needs and how these needs should inform training programs.
  • Psychological Testing in the Service of Disability ... Released: April 10, 2015
    The U.S. Social Security Administration (SSA) asked the Institute of Medicine (IOM) to convene a committee of relevant experts to review selected psychological tests, including SVTs and PVTs, and to evaluate the value of and provide guidance on the use of such testing in the adjudication of claims submitted to the SSA Disability Programs.
  • Harvesting the Scientific Investment in Prevention Science to ... Released: April 01, 2015
    With more than 200 prevention-centered, evidence-based health interventions in their toolbox, pediatric health practitioners stand to reap a bounty of benefits for their clients and communities. But how should all these data be harvested and evaluated, particularly in light of the changes introduced by the Affordable Care Act (ACA) and the Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act of 2008, as well as reduced funding, implementation barriers, and the demands of balancing public health against individual patient treatment choices?
  • Strategies for Scaling Tested and Effective Family-Focused ... Released: April 01, 2015
    On April 1–2, 2014, the Board on Children, Youth, and Families of the Institute of Medicine and the National Research Council held a 2-day workshop titled “Strategies for Scaling Tested and Effective Family-Focused Preventive Interventions to Promote Children’s Cognitive, Affective, and Behavioral Health.” The purpose of the workshop was to discuss the successes and challenges of scaling family-focused interventions.
  • Innovations in Design and Utilization of Measurement ... Released: March 31, 2015
    The workshop featured presentations on the use of data linkage and integration to inform research and practice related to children’s cognitive, affective, and behavioral health; the use of quality measures to facilitate system change in health care, classroom, and juvenile justice settings; and tools developed to measure implementation of evidence-based prevention programs at scale to support sustainable program delivery, among other topics.
  • Public Health Implications of Raising the Minimum Age of ... Released: March 12, 2015
    In 2013, as requested by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the IOM convened a committee to conduct a study on the public health implications of raising the minimum age to purchase tobacco products. In the report, Public Health Implications of Raising the Minimum Age of Legal Access to Tobacco Products, the committee of experts reviews existing literature on tobacco use initiation, developmental biology and psy¬chology, and tobacco policy and predicts the likely public health outcomes of raising the MLA for tobacco products to 19 years, 21 years, and 25 years. The committee also uses mathematical modeling to quantify these predictions.
  • The Neuroscience of Gaming: Workshop in Brief : Health and ... Released: February 02, 2015
    More than 1.2 billion people worldwide play video games (online, via console, mobile phone, and other wireless devices), and many may be unaware that programmers often incorporate neuroscience into game design. Given the high prevalence of gaming in today’s society, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) Forum on Neuroscience and Nervous System Disorders hosted the Social Issues Roundtable at the Society for Neuroscience annual meeting on November 16, 2014, in Washington, DC, to explore the neuroscience of video games, with emphasis on relevant scientific, ethical,and societal issues.
  • Advancing Therapeutic Development for Dry Age-Related ... Released: January 02, 2015
    Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of blindness among white Americans and others of European descent, with lower prevalence among those of Asian, Latino, or African ancestry. The overall prevalence of AMD is approximately 8.7 percent worldwide and is expected to rise to 196 million people worldwide by 2020 and 288 million by 2040 (Wong et al., 2014). AMD typically affects people age 50 and older, and the prevalence increases with age, particularly after the age of 75.
  • Harvesting the Scientific Investment in Prevention Science to ... Released: October 29, 2014
    To reap what has been learned from such implementation, and to explore how new legislation and policies, such as the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) and the Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act, as well as advances in technology and analytical methods can help drive future implementation, the IOM-NRC Forum on Promoting Children’s Cognitive, Affective, and Behavioral Health held the workshop “Harvesting the Scientific Investment in Prevention Science to Promote Children’s Cognitive, Affective, and Behavioral Health” in Washington, DC, on June 16 and 17, 2014.
  • Strategies for Scaling Effective Family-Focused Preventive ... Released: July 31, 2014
    The Forum on Promoting Children’s Cognitive, Affective, and Behavioral Health convened its first workshop on Strategies for Scaling Tested and Effective Family-Focused Preventive Interventions to Promote Children’s Cognitive, Affective, and Behavioral Health on April 1-2, 2014 in Washington, DC. The workshop featured presentations on and discussion of successes and challenges experienced by developers and implementers of family-focused preventive interventions that have been successfully brought to scale; considerations related to the implementation of preventive programs in settings—such as pediatric practices and schools—that are emerging as important points of intervention; and the role of intermediary organizations in scale-up, among other topics. This document summarizes the workshop.